J Korean Acad Oral Health.  2015 Sep;39(3):220-225. 10.11149/jkaoh.2015.39.3.220.

Oral health beliefs and cultural specificity in multicultural families

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Preventive & Social Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. jjbh@snu.ac.kr
  • 2School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the oral health beliefs and cultural specificity of multicultural families.
METHODS
Subjects were 179 adults from multicultural families living in Gwangjin-gu, Seoul. The surveys and interviews were performed between June and November 2014 in the subjects' native languages (English, Chinese, Vietnamese, and Korean). The surveys were conducted using a self-administration method and a face-to-face interviewing method with the assistance of translators.
RESULTS
Perceived barrier of oral health belief scores were higher in Vietnamese and Korean spouses than those from other countries (P<0.05). Cultural specificity scores were highest among the Japanese and lowest among the Vietnamese (P<0.01).
CONCLUSIONS
Multicultural families showed different oral health beliefs and cultural specificities. Therefore, future oral health care programs for multicultural families should consider cultural differences and adaptations.

Keyword

Cultural belief; Multicultural family; Oral health belief
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