Korean J Otorhinolaryngol-Head Neck Surg.  2015 Nov;58(11):776-780. 10.3342/kjorl-hns.2015.58.11.776.

A Case of the Ex Utero Intrapartum Treatment Procedure for Fetal Giant Fourth Branchial Cleft Cyst

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. hoonymd@naver.com

Abstract

Large neck masses in the fetus can result in neonatal hypoxia with airway obstruction during a delivery. The ex-utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) is a procedure that would be helpful in safely securing a fetal airway when the maternal-fetal circulation is being obstructed. Branchial cleft cyst (BCC) is a relatively common congenital malformation in the neck, however, the fourth BCC is very rare. Herein, we present a case of a giant fourth BCC, which was prenatally detected on ultrasound and safely surgically treated to secure an airway with EXIT procedure during the delivery.

Keyword

Airway obstruction; Branchioma; Fetus

MeSH Terms

Airway Obstruction
Anoxia
Branchial Region*
Branchioma*
Fetus
Neck
Ultrasonography
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