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An infant with subglottic cysts presenting as abruptly-progressed stridor and respiratory distress 2 months after extubation

Lee HK, Lim JG, Park JS, Shin SH, Kwon SK, Suh DI

Subglottic cysts are rare but can cause significant airway obstruction that potentially threatens infants’ lives. It is critically important to suspect subglottic cysts in infants with upper-airway obstructive symptoms because...
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Choking by Esophageal Foreign Body Impaction

Ha H, Kim D

Esophageal foreign body impaction may be fatal secondary to occlusion of the glottis or external compression of the membranous portion of the trachea. A 14-year-old adolescent female was admitted to...
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Intravenous cidofovir as an adjuvant therapy for recurrent upper airway papillomatosis with lung involvement in a child

Won Jy, Kim S, Son YI, Cho JH, Jeon TY, Han J, Kim YJ, Lee JW, Kim J, Ahn K

Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is a chronic disease related to human papillomavirus infection. The standard treatment of RRP is surgical resection of the lesion, but due to frequent recurrence, a...
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Association between Lung Function and New-Onset Diabetes Mellitus in Healthy Individuals after a 6-Year Follow-up

Lee HY, Shin J, Kim H, Lee SH, Cho JH, Lee SY, Kim HS

Background: We analyzed hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels and various lung function test results in healthy individuals after a 6-year follow-up period to explore the influence of lung function changes on...
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Recent advances in airway imaging using micro-computed tomography and computed tomography for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Tanabe N, Hirai T

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a complex lung disease characterized by a combination of airway disease and emphysema. Emphysema is classified as centrilobular emphysema (CLE), paraseptal emphysema (PSE), or...
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Awake craniotomy using a high-flow nasal cannula with oxygen reserve index monitoring - A report of two cases -

Gook J, Kwon JH, Kim K, Choi JW, Chung IS, Lee J

Background: Awake craniotomy is a well-tolerated procedure for the resection of brain tumors residing within or close to the eloquent cortical areas. Monitored anesthesia care (MAC) is a dominant anesthetic...
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Implementation of contextualized, emergency management cognitive aids in a periodontics clinic

Siemens MJ, Rice AN, Jensen TF, Simmons VC

Background: Emergencies in outpatient clinics are rare. However, potentially catastrophic events can be challenging to manage due to a variety of factors, including limited equipment and staff. The purpose of...
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Severe Airway Obstruction due to Massive Retropharyngeal Hematoma in a Warfarin-Taking Patient with a Normal International Normalized Ratio

Cho HY, Kim HI

Warfarin is used as part of the treatment of various diseases, and laboratory monitoring of its effects is required. Airway hematoma secondary to warfarin is rare, but can be fatal...
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Perinatal outcome of fetuses with congenital high airway obstruction syndrome: a single-center experience

Jeong SH, Lee MY, Kang OJ, Kim R, Chung JH, Won HS, Lee PR, Jung E, Lee BS, Choi WJ, Lee YS

Objective To report our experience with management of fetuses with congenital high airway obstruction syndrome (CHAOS). Methods We retrospectively reviewed the cases of fetuses who were prenatally diagnosed and postnatally confirmed...
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Pathophysiology of Upper Airway Collapse

Cho KJ, Kim SW

Previous pathophysiologic studies have revealed that the upper airway dimension reaches a minimal value at the end of expiration, and pharyngeal negative pressure is not an essential prerequisite for upper...
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Characteristics of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With a Low Body Mass Index: Emphasis on the Obstruction Site Determined by Drug-Induced Sleep Endoscopy

Woo HJ, Lim JH, Ahn JC, Lee YJ, Kim DY, Kim HJ, Rhee CS, Won TB

Objectives. This study aimed to elucidate the patterns of upper airway collapse in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients with a low body mass index (BMI). Methods. We designed and conducted a...
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Traumatic Retropharyngeal Hematoma following Cervical Vascular Injury: A Case Report

Yu S, Lee JI, Lee JH, Kim BC, Ha MJ, Choi HJ

Traumatic retropharyngeal hematoma is a potentially life-threatening complication of cervical spine injury due to possible airway obstruction. Treatment by securing airway and subsequent conservative care is often adequate. However, a...
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Review of a 10-year experience of rigid bronchoscopy at a tertiary centre in Singapore

Verma A, Tai DYH, Goh SK, Goyal R, Kor AC, Ng AWK

Purpose: No report of rigid bronchoscopy (RB) has been described from Singapore. Methods: We did a retrospective review of medical records of patients undergoing RB between November 2009 and November 2019...
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Incidentally Detected Hypopharyngeal Mass during Endotracheal Intubation

Cho A, So J, Ko EY, Choi D

Hypopharyngeal mass is an uncommon condition in the aerodigestive tract. There were only a few cases have been published in the medical literature. We experienced a case of incidentally detected...
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A Case of Expiratory Limb Filter Obstruction in Heated Circuit Kit

Lee M, Ko EY, Lee SJ, Cho A, Chung YH, Koo BS, Lee JH

Antimicrobial filters that prevent cross-contamination through anesthesia equipment are commonly used in operating rooms. Occlusion of this filter leads to the patient’s airway obstruction, which may lead to fatal outcomes....
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High Flow Nasal Cannula Assisted Tracheostomy for Securing Airways in Patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Induced by Glottic Cancer

Hong SW, Lee DK

Tracheostomy is considered as a first treatment, when oral intubation seems to be difficult in patient who present severe upper airway obstruction. Generally, tracheostomy is performed in supine position. But...
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Risk Factors for Acute Exacerbations in Elderly Asthma: What Makes Asthma in Older Adults Distinctive?

Sohn KH, Song WJ, Park JS, Park HW, Kim TB, Park CS, Cho SH, on behalf of the Elderly Asthma Cohort in Korea Group

PURPOSE: Asthma in the elderly (EA; ≥ 65 years of age) is increasing, adding a heavy socioeconomic burden to the healthcare system. However, little is known about risk factors associated...
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Risk factors affecting postoperative pulmonary function in congenital diaphragmatic hernia

Wang Q, Liu Q, Zang J, Wang J, Chen J

Purpose: It is well known that congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) in infants impacts pulmonary function rehabilitation after surgery. However, the risk factors of postoperative pulmonary function are still unclear. In...
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Pulmonary functions of patients with isolated mandibular fractures: a preliminary report

Famurewa B, Oginni FO, Aregbesola SB, Erhabor GE

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate pulmonary function in patients with mandibular fractures and to determine the pattern of pulmonary functions in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This...
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Use of a trans-tracheal rapid insufflation of oxygen device in a “cannot intubate, cannot oxygenate” scenario in a parturient: a case report

Lee J, Ng VV, Teo C, Wong P

BACKGROUND: The trans-tracheal rapid insufflation of oxygen (TRIO) device is less commonly used and is an alternative to trans-tracheal jet ventilation for maintaining oxygenation in a “cannot intubate, cannot oxygenate”...
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