Korean Circ J.  1987 Sep;17(3):443-450. 10.4070/kcj.1987.17.3.443.

Clinical Study on Congenital Heart Diseases in Adulthood

Abstract

A clinical study is done on 234 adult patients with congenital heart disease who visited Dong San Hospital, Keimyung University during the period of January 1982 to May 1987. Among those the number of men is 109 and the female is 125. There are female preponderance in atrial septal defect and patent ductus arteriosus while male in tetralogy of Fallot and pulmonary stenosis. Most of patients are found below 30 years of age and the incidence decrease with age; below 30 years of age, ninty percent of ventricular septal defect, eight-eight percent of tetralogy of Fallot, eighty-four percent of patent ductus arteriosus and seventy-seven percent of atrial septal defect are found. The incidence of congenital heart diseases in adult are as follow; ventricular septal defect 30.8%, atrial septal defect 30.3%, tetralogy of Fallot 17.1%, patent ductus arteriosus 12.8%, pulmonary stenosis 3.4% and miscellaneous congenital diseases 4%. Associated anomalies of major congenital heart diseases are as follows; the most commonly associated anomaly in ventricular septal defect is pulmonary stenosis, and Sinus Valsalva aneurysm with/without rupture or aortic regrugitation is frequently associated in ventricular septal defect. Mitral regurgitation or pulmonary stenosis are frequently as sociated with atrial septal defect. Patent foramen ovale or atrial septal defect and persistent left superior vena cave are associated with tetralogy of Fallot. The lesion of aortic valve is frequent in patient ductus arteriosus.

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