Korean J Gynecol Endosc Minim Invasive Surg.  2011 May;23(1):26-31.

Adhesion formation after applying adhesion barrier in laparoscopic gynecologic surgery: Experience of 7 patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Adhesion barrier has been commonly used in gynecologic surgery. The objective of this study is to evaluate the outcome of applying adhesion barrier in preventing adhesion formation after laparoscopic surgery.
METHODS
Between March 2000 and March 2010, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who performed laparoscopic surgery twice at Samsung Medical Center. The patients to whom adhesion barrier was applied at the end of the first laparoscopic surgery and had imaging files of pelvic cavity at second laparoscopic surgery were included. The patients with recurrent endometriosis and pelvic inflammatory disease which can make postoperative adhesion by itself due to the nature of the disease were excluded.
RESULTS
Ten patients were eligible to be analyzed. Only 3 among 10 showed adhesion free and we could find de novo adhesion formation in 7 patients at second laparoscopic surgery. Eight patients used Intercede(R) (oxidized regenerated cellulose mesh; Johnson & Johnson, New Brunswick, NJ, USA) and two patients used Guardix(R) (sodium hyaluronic acid solution and carboxymethylcellulose: Hanmi, Seoul, Korea). In six patients, adhesion formation was found at the operation site and one patient showed postoperative adhesion distant from operation site between omentum and anterior peritoneum of pelvic wall.
CONCLUSION
We observed adhesion formation despite of prior use of adhesion barrier after laparoscopic gynecological surgery. These results suggest that the use of adhesion barrier alone after gynecologic laparoscopic surgery may not guarantee adhesion prevention.

Keyword

Laparoscopic surgery; Adhesion barrier; Postoperative adhesion formation
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