Korean J Nephrol.  2006 May;25(3):467-471.

A Case of Minimal Change Disease Presenting Bilateral Popliteal Arterial Thrombosis

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Kwandong University, Goyang, Korea. diva502@kd.ac.kr

Abstract

Thrombosis is one of the important complications of nephrotic syndrome. The mechanism of vascular thrombosis in nephrotic syndrome is under debate, but the hypercoagulable state is regarded as a predisposing factor to that. Most of vascular thrombosis in nephrotic syndrome have occurred in veins. Arterial thrombosis is relatively uncommon and often related with steroid or diuretic use. We experienced a case of bilateral popliteal arterial occlusion due to femoral arterial thrombosis as the first presentation of nephrotic syndrome. A 59-year old male patient was admitted with complaints of pain on left lower extremity for five days. The diagnosis of thrombosis in left popliteal artery was made by arterial angiography. The emergent thrombolytic therapy and anticoagulation was performed. During anticoagulation, another episode of bilateral popliteal arterial occlusion was occurred once again. He had heavy proteinuria, and renal pathology revealed minimal change disease. There was no recurrence of thrombosis for 1 year after treatment with steroid and warfarin.

Keyword

Nephrotic syndrome; Minimal change disease; Arterial thrombosis
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