Korean J Sports Med.  2015 Jun;33(1):13-18. 10.5763/kjsm.2015.33.1.13.

Prevalence, Characteristics of Ear Deformity and Treatment Tendency for Auricular Hematoma in Elite Wrestlers

  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Eulji Hospital, Eulji University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Martial Art, Yong-In University, Yongin, Korea.
  • 3Sports Medicine and Science Team, Korea Paralympic Committee, Seoul, Korea. sportler@hanmail.net


Wrestlers has frequently injured on his ear by friction or hitting. If the ear injury like hematoma did not treat appropriately, it should be deform to disfigured outer shape. We analyzed the incidence and characteristics of ear deformity with elite wrestlers. We took the photo with elite 58 male wrestlers' ears. We surveyed the carrier of elite player, duration of training time, ear injury history, treatment history and satisfactory scale of his ear shape. The characteristics of ear shape were classified by Yotuyanagi classification. 44 wrestlers has deformity of his ear in elite wrestlers (76%, 44/58). Right side ear deformity is 50 cases, bilaterally involvement is one case. Microtia was 11 (24%), ear protrusion was 15 (33%) cases. Yotuyanagi type IB was 13 (29%) cases that deformity extending from helix to antihelix. Type IIA was 12 (27%) cases that deformity with a substantial change with good structural integrity in outline of the ear. Acute ear injury was treated with simple icing (33 cases, 56%), aspiration and compression (6 cases, 10%). 34 wrestlers (77%) dissatisfied his own ear shape. 10% of acute ear injuries treat appropriately in domestic elite male wrestlers. 76% of the wrestlers has an ear deformity and dissatisfaction.


Acquired ear deformity; Hematoma; Wresting; Acute injury
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