J Korean Pediatr Soc.  1997 Jan;40(1):88-96.

Study on Hematologic Changes in the High School Students

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
There were no accurate data of hematologic changes in the high school students in Korea since 1980'. Because of rapid growing of Korean students recently, it is necessary to reevaluate Korean data. So we compared hematologic changes in the students of general (GHS) and athletic high school (AHS) in Seoul city.
METHODS
We reassured red cell count (RBC), hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (Hct), and related hematologic factors in the 452 GHS (male 290, female 162) as control group and the 138 AHS (male 70, female 68) as exercised group. Hematologic comparisons were performed between the students of AHS and GHS and the male and female students with t-test.
RESULTS
1) Values of RBC, Hb, Hct, MCHC, RDW were 4.6+/-0.3x1012/L, 13.4+/-1.2g/dL, 41.5+/- 3.4%, 32.2+/-0.5g/dL, 12.1+/-0.9% respectively in the male AHS and 5.2+/-0.3x1012/L, 15.2+/- 1.0g/dL, 46.7+/-3.0%, 32.5+/-0.5g/dL, 12.3+/-0.6% respectively in male GHS, and there were significant between compared data. 2) Values of RBC, Hb, Hct MPV were 4.5+/-0.3x1012/L, 13.6+/-1.2g/dL, 40.5+/-3.2%, 9.0+/- 0.6fl respectively in the female AHS and 5.0+/-0.5x1012/L, 14.9+/-1.3g/dL, 44.8+/-3.4%, 8.7+/- 0.8fl respectively in the female GHS, and significance were between compared data. 3) Values of MCH, MCHC, RDW, MPV were 30.1+/-1.8pg, 33.6+/-1.1g/dL, 12.8+/-1.1%, 9.0+/-0.6fl respectively in the female AHS and 29.3+/-1.8pg, 32.2+/-0.5g/dL, 12.1+/-0.9%, 8.7+/-0.9fl respectively in the male AHS, and there were significant between compared data. 4) Values of RBC, Hct, MCH, MCHC, RDW, PLT were 5.0+/-0.5x1012/L, 44.8+/-3.4%, 30.0+/-2.1pg, 33.4+/-1.1g/dL, 12.7+/-1.0%, 29.8+/-5.8x104/mm3 respectively in the female non-AHS, and 5.2+/-0.3x1012/L, 46.7+/-3.0%, 29.4+/-1.4pg, 32.5+/-0.5g/dL, 12.3+/-0.6%, 28.7+/- 5.8x104/mm3 respectively in the male non-AHS, and there were significant between compared data.
CONCLUSIONS
Among the high school students, exercise caused several hematologic changes that were significant decline of the values of RBC, hemoglobin, hematocrit compared to control group regardless of sex. In female students, their values of MCH, MCHC, RDW were significantly increased compared to male students regardless of exercise.

Keyword

Hematologic changes; Exercise; High School Students

MeSH Terms

Cell Count
Female
Hematocrit
Humans
Korea
Male
Seoul
Sports
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