Brain Neurorehabil.  2014 Mar;7(1):54-60. 10.12786/bn.2014.7.1.54.

Association between Location of Brain Lesion and Clinical Factors and Findings of Videofluoroscopic Swallowing Study in Subacute Stroke Patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Dong-eui Medical Center, Korea.
  • 2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Kosin University College of Medicine, Korea. oggum@naver.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether patterns of dysphagia were associated with the location of the brain lesion and clinical factors in subacute stroke patients. METHOD: One hundred and seventy-eight first-ever subacute stroke patients who underwent videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) from January 2006 to April 2012 were enrolled in the present study. Swallowing-related parameters were assessed by VFSS. The location of brain lesions were classified into the cortical, subcortical, and brain stem. The degree of cognitive impairment and the independency of activities of daily living were assessed by the Korean version of mini-mental status examination and Korean version of modified Barthel index (K-MBI). Aphasia and hemineglect were assessed by Korean version of Western aphasia battery and line bisection test. These data were collected via retrospective chart review.
RESULTS
A reduced laryngeal elevation and prolonged pharyngeal delay time were associated with brain stem lesion. Other swallowing parameters were not associated with lesion topology. Pyriform sinus residue was associated with the presence of aphasia and low K-MBI scores. Prolonged pharyngeal delay time was associated with the patient's age, type of stroke and brain stem lesion.
CONCLUSION
Pyriform sinus residue was associated with clinical factors such as aphasia and K-MBI scores rather than with the location of brain lesion. However, reduced laryngeal elevation and prolonged pharyngeal delay time were predominant in brain stem lesions.

Keyword

brain stem; dysphagia; stroke
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