Korean J Otolaryngol-Head Neck Surg.  1999 Sep;42(9):1174-1178.

Vocal Dynamic Studies before and after Laryngeal Microsurgery

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University, Inchon, Korea.
  • 2Department of Voice Dynamic Laboratory, College of Medicine, Inha University, Inchon, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Perceptual acoustic measures are most often used to judge the outcomes and the objective analysis of phonosurgical results before and after the microlaryngeal surgery. However, they have rarely been reported in this country. The purpose of this study is to analyze aerodynamic and acoustic results before and after microlaryngeal surgery and to analyze the differences of the prognosis of various benign vocal cord lesions.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
At Inha University Hospital, from June 1996 to August 1998, 245 microlaryngeal surgeries were done. Malignant lesions were excluded. And 118 (54 females and 64 males) out of 245 patients were followed up after the surgery: the acoustic and the aerodynamic studies before and 8 weeks after microlaryngeal surgery for benign lesions: vocal polyp, vocal nodule, Reinke's edema, intracordal cyst and hyperkeratosis. Seven measurements were performed: fundamental frequency, jitter, shimmer, noise to harmonic ratio as the acoustic analysis, maximal phonation time, mean flow rate and subglottal pressure as the aerodynamic analyses.
RESULTS
Postoperative acoustic and aerodynamic data of vocal polyp, vocal nodule, Reinke's edema and intracordal cyst were improved, but those of hyperkeratosis were not improved.
CONCLUSION
By comparing the acoustic and aerodynamic data before and after the microlaryngeal surgery, postoperative vocal function was defined more accurately and objectively. Jitter, shimmer, and MFR might be meaningful parameters accessing the quantitative changes in vocal quality before and after the microlaryngeal surgery.

Keyword

Microlaryngeal surgery; Acoustics; Aerodynamics; Benign vocal cord lesions

MeSH Terms

Acoustics
Edema
Female
Humans
Microsurgery*
Noise
Phonation
Polyps
Prognosis
Vocal Cords
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