Clin Endosc.  2011 Dec;44(2):76-86. 10.5946/ce.2011.44.2.76.

Endoscopic Stent Placement in the Palliation of Malignant Biliary Obstruction

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Gastroenterology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea. jinhkim@ajou.ac.kr

Abstract

Biliary drainage with biliary stent placement is the treatment of choice for palliation in patients with malignant biliary obstruction caused by unresectable neoplasms. In such patients, the endoscopic approach can be initially used with percutaneous radiological intervention. In patients with unresectable malignant distal bile duct obstructions, endoscopic biliary drainage with biliary stent placement has now become the main and least invasive palliative modality, which has been proven to be more effective in >80% of cases with lower morbidity than surgery, and perhaps may provide a survival benefit. In patients with unresectable malignant hilar obstruction, the endoscopic approach for biliary drainage with biliary stent placement has also been considered as the treatment of choice. There is still a lack of clear consensus on the use of covered versus uncovered metal stents in malignant distal bile duct obstructions and plastic versus metal stents and unilateral versus bilateral drainage in malignant hilar obstructions.

Keyword

Biliary stent; Malignant biliary obstruction; Biliary drainage
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