Gut Liver.  2010 Sep;4(Suppl 1):S50-S56.

Management of Simultaneous Biliary and Duodenal Obstruction: The Endoscopic Perspective

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. todd@mayo.edu

Abstract

Obstructive jaundice often develops in patients with unresectable malignancy in and around the head of the pancreas. Duodenal obstruction can also occur in these patients, and usually develops late in the disease course. Palliation of both malignant biliary and duodenal obstruction is traditionally performed with surgical diversion of the bile duct and stomach, respectively. With the advent of nonsurgical palliation of biliary obstruction using endoscopic transpapillary expandable metal stent placement, a similar approach can be used to palliate duodenal obstruction by placement of expandable metal gastroduodenal stents. Endoscopic palliation can be achieved in patients who require relief of both biliary obstruction and duodenal obstruction, although this can be technically difficult to achieve depending on the level of duodenal obstruction in relation to the major papilla. This article reviews the endoscopic approaches for combined palliative relief of malignant biliary and duodenal obstruction.

Keyword

Duodenal obstruction; Endoscopy, gastrointestinal; Palliative care; Stents; Cholestasis
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