Yonsei Med J.  2009 Dec;50(6):751-756. 10.3349/ymj.2009.50.6.751.

Are There Gaps between Medical Students and Professors in the Perception of Students' Professionalism Level? - Secondary Publication

  • 1Department of Medical Education, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea. shua@inha.ac.kr


The implementation of medical professionalism in education and evaluation is a recent trend in medical education. Although many studies on the subject have been carried out, they have generally been not focused specifically on the level of medical student professionalism, and the perception gaps between medical students and professors on this topic remain unresolved. This study attempts to determine whether such gaps exist. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred fifty fourth-year medical students and 53 professors who were randomly selected from 41 medical schools were asked to complete a survey on the level of the professionalism of medical students. Using 31 core professionalism elements that are required for Korean medical students, students self-assessed their level of professionalism, and professors evaluated the professionalism level of medical students who were about to graduate.
Of the 31 core elements, significant perception gaps were found in 28 elements. The three domains into which the 31 core elements were divided - professional knowledge, professional skills, and professional attitude - all contained perception gaps, and professors' ratings generally were higher than those of the students, a noteworthy observation.
Medical professors need to encourage their students to elevate their professionalism. Furthermore, what the faculty think that they have taught regarding professionalism may not be fully assimilated by students. Therefore, further research is essential to determine the cause of such perceptional differences.


Perception; professional elements; knowledge; skills; attitude

MeSH Terms

Attitude of Health Personnel
Data Collection
*Faculty, Medical
*Professional Competence
Students, Medical/*psychology
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