Yonsei Med J.  2011 May;52(3):413-419. 10.3349/ymj.2011.52.3.413.

Native Low-Density Lipoprotein-Dependent Interleukin-8 Production Through Pertussis Toxin-Sensitive G-Protein Coupled Receptors and Hydrogen Peroxide Generation Contributes to Migration of Human Aortic Smooth Muscle Cells

  • 1Department of Biology, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Korea. ryoosw08@kangwon.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.


Stimulation of human aortic smooth muscle cells (hAoSMCs) with native low-density lipoprotein (nLDL) induced the production of interleukin-8 (IL-8) that is involved in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. However, the process of signal transduction of nLDL was currently uncharacterized. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the signal transduction pathway of nLDL-dependent IL-8 production and the effect of IL-8 on hAoSMCs migration.
nLDL was prepared by ultracentrifugation with density-adjusted human serum of normocholesterolemia. In hAoSMCs, IL-8 secreted to medium was measured using ELISA assay, and Western blot analysis was performed to detect p38 MAPK activation as a key regulator of IL-8 production. nLDL-dependent H2O2 generation was determined by microscopic analysis using 2',7'-dichlorofluoroscein diacetate (DCF-DA). IL-8-induced migration of hAoSMCs was evaluated by counting the cell numbers moved to lower chamber using Transwell plates.
nLDL-induced IL-8 production was completely blocked by preincubation of hAoSMCs with pertussis toxin (PTX), which inhibited nLDL-dependent p38 MAPK phosphorylation. PTX-sensitive G-protein coupled receptor was responsible for nLDL-dependent H2O2 generation that was abrogated with preincubation of the cells with of polyethylene glycol-conjugated catalase (PEG-Cat). Pretreatment of PEG-Cat prevented nLDL-induced p38 MAPK phosphorylation and IL-8 production, which was partly mimicked by treatment with exogenous H2O2. Finally, IL-8 increased hAoSMCs migration that was completely blocked by incubation with IL-8 neutralizing antibody.
PTX-sensitive G-protein coupled receptor-dependent H2O2 generation by nLDL plays a critical role in IL-8 production in hAoSMC, and IL-8 may contribute to atherogenesis through increased migration of hAoSMCs.


Native low-density lipoprotein; pertussis toxin-sensitive G-protein coupled receptor; hydrogen peroxide; interleukin-8; human aortic smooth muscle cells; migration
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