Korean J Orthod.  1999 Apr;29(2):209-217.

A radiological study on the morphology of labial alveolar bone in the mandibular incisor area of mandibular prognathism patients

  • 1Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Chonam National University, Korea.


This study was concerned with comparing the measured values of labial alveolar bone through the lateral cephalometric radiography and mandibular incisor cross-secional tomogram between two groups, one group of mandibular prognathism patients who needed an orthognathic surgery as an experimental group and the other group who had normal relationships as a control group. The purpose of the study was to find out the predisposing factors of bone resorption and gingival recession before orthodontic treatment. The results were as follows: 1. The cross-sectional area of labial alveolar bony plate in mandibular prognathism was significantly smaller than that of control group. 2. In mandibular prognathism, the distance between cementoenamel junction and aveolar crest was significantly greater than control group. 3. There were negative correlations between area of labial alveolar bony plate and distance from cementoenamel junction to alveolar crest, and positive correlations between area of labial alveolar bony plate and distance from alveolar crest to root apex. 4. In mandibular prognathism, there were positive correlations between IMPA and thickness of symphysis, and negative correlations between IMPA and the alveolar bony height. The results of the present study suggest the mandibular prognathism patients are prone to the gingival recession due to the small amount of labial alveolar bone around lower incisors.


symphysis; mandibular prognathism; gingival recession; labial alveolar bone; symphysis

MeSH Terms

Bone Resorption
Gingival Recession
Orthognathic Surgery
Tooth Cervix
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