J Korean Soc Radiol.  2009 Dec;61(6):397-399. 10.3348/jksr.2009.61.6.397.

Boerhaave's Syndrome: Pneumoperitoneum Caused by Spontaneous Rupture of the Anterior Wall of the Esophagus

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Radiology, St.Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. bookdoo7@chollian.net
  • 2Department of Surgery, St.Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Korea.

Abstract

Boerhaave's syndrome is described as a spontaneous rupture of the esophagus. It usually occurs in the left posterolateral wall of the distal esophagus and results in fulminant mediastinitis if immediate treatment is not administered. We report a case of pneumoperitoneum caused by a rupture of the anterior wall of the esophagus in a young male patient. In spite of the delayed detection, the patient was hemodynamically stable and treated via an endoscopic procedure. The limited lesion in the abdomen is possibly related to the anatomic site of the rupture. It is uncommon that a spontaneous esophageal perforation occurs at the anterior wall. Moreover, subdiaphragmatic spontaneous perforation has also been reported infrequently. To the best of our knowledge, only a few reports have described a spontaneous intra-abdominal perforation of the anterior wall of the esophagus. We report a rupture of the anterior wall of the esophagus and consider the relationship between the site of the rupture and the clinical manifestations.


MeSH Terms

Abdomen
Esophageal Perforation
Esophagus
Humans
Male
Mediastinal Diseases
Mediastinitis
Pneumoperitoneum
Rupture
Rupture, Spontaneous
Esophageal Perforation
Mediastinal Diseases
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