J Korean Acad Adult Nurs.  2010 Feb;22(1):41-50.

Influences of Depression, Stress, and Self-efficacy on the Addiction of Cell Phone Use among University Students

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Semyung University, Korea.
  • 2Division of Nursing, Hallym University, Korea. kimcg@hallym.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influences of depression, stress, and self-efficacy on the addiction to cell phone use among university students.
METHODS
Data were collected through questionnaires from 563 students and analyzed by applying descriptive statistics, t-test, chi-square test, and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 16.0.
RESULTS
The proportion of depressed subjects was 52.6%. The addictive group scored higher than the non-addictive group in depression rate and stress, but scored lower in self-efficacy. Out of the subjects, 32.9% were found to be addictive users, 31.3% at potential risk, and 1.6% at high risk. Significant variables influencing addictive users were stress, self-efficacy, and the user's general characteristics including monthly spending money, sex, the hours of daily use, and the main method of use.
CONCLUSION
It is concluded that such variables should be carefully considered in interventions for university students addicted to cell phone use.

Keyword

Addiction; Cell phone; Depression; Stress; Self-efficacy

MeSH Terms

Cellular Phone
Depression
Humans
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