J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs.  2018 Sep;27(3):293-302. 10.12934/jkpmhn.2018.27.3.293.

Mediating Effects of Self Efficacy and Self-Control in Nursing Students' Smartphone Addiction

Affiliations
  • 1Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Taegu Science University, Daegu, Korea.
  • 2Professor, Department of Nursing, Inje University · Inje University Institute for International Safe Community, Korea. jibai@inje.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purposes of this study were to investigate the factor of smartphone addiction based on Agnew's general strain theory and examine the mediating effects of self efficacy and self-control in the identified model of the nursing students.
METHODS
Study participants were 292 nursing students recruited from 3 universities. Self-reported data were collected in September 2015 from structured questionnaires. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient, exploratory factor analyses, and structural equation modeling.
RESULTS
Self efficacy and self-control have a direct effect on smartphone addiction in the nursing students. The relationship between depression and smartphone addiction was fully mediated by self efficacy and self-control. However, the relationships of smartphone addiction shares with college adaptation and stress were partially mediated by depression, self efficacy, and self-control.
CONCLUSION
Our study findings may be used as baseline information to develop preventive intervention programs for nursing students. Nursing educators and clinicians should encourage students' self-control, improve self efficacy when dealing with those with smartphone addiction, emphasize adaptation to college, and help manage stress and depression.

Keyword

Smartphone; Behavior, addictive; Depression; Self efficacy; Self-control
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