J Korean Neurosurg Soc.  2011 Dec;50(6):512-516. 10.3340/jkns.2011.50.6.512.

Acute-on-Chronic Subdural Hematoma: Not Uncommon Events

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan, Korea. ksleens@sch.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
Patients with asymptomatic chronic subdural hematoma (SDH) are prone to fall or slip. Acute trauma on these patients may develop acute subdural bleeding over the chronic SDH. We recently experienced 9 patients with acute-on-chronic SDH. We report the clinical and radiological features of this lesion.
METHODS
We retrospectively examined the computed tomographic (CT) scans of 107 consecutive patients who diagnosed as chronic SDH from January 2008 to December 2010. All cases of CSDH were diagnosed on CT with or without MRI scan.
RESULTS
Acute-on-chronic SDH is not rare, being 8% of chronic SDH. The most common cause of trauma was a slip in drunken state. Alcoholism with multiple episodes of trauma was one of the prominent histories. Acute-on-chronic SDH appeared as a hyperdense layer of clot with irregular blurred margin or lumps in liquefied hematoma. Single or two burr holes was usually effective to remove the hematoma.
CONCLUSION
Repeated trauma may cause acute bleeding over the chronic SDH. It will be helpful to understand the role of repeated trauma as a mechanism of hematoma enlargement.

Keyword

Chronic subdural hematoma; Computed tomography; Craniocerebral trauma; Diagnosis

MeSH Terms

Alcoholism
Craniocerebral Trauma
Hematoma
Hematoma, Subdural, Chronic
Hemorrhage
Humans
Retrospective Studies
Full Text Links
  • JKNS
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr