J Korean Acad Nurs.  2009 Dec;39(6):878-887. 10.4040/jkan.2009.39.6.878.

New Nurse Turnover Intention and Influencing Factors

  • 1College of Nursing Science, East-West Nursing Research Institute, KyungHee University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Kyung Hee University East-West NEO Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3College of Nursing Science, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea. kne159@naver.com


The study was done to identify turnover intention in new nurses according to characteristics of the nurses and other factors affecting turnover and to provide data to set up a strategy to reduce the turnover. METHODS: Data were collected from 1,077 new nurses who had less than 12 months employment experience and worked in one of 188 hospitals. Eight research instruments were used. Data analysis was done using SPSS WIN 15.0 program. RESULTS: Several factors influence new nurse turnover intention. The average score for turnover intention was 2.12. The scores for subscales were self efficacy, 3.76, nursing performance, 3.90, job satisfaction, 2.09, organization commitment, 1.28, stress, 1.32, burnout, 2.82 and nursing organizational culture, 3.29. Turnover intention was related to self efficacy, nursing performance, job satisfaction, organization commitment, stress, burnout, nursing organizational culture, duration of in-class training, duration of on the job training, number of hospital beds, length of employment and duration of employment in current workplace. The predicting factors for turnover intention were burnout, stress, duration of employment in the current workplace, self efficacy and nursing performance. Those factors explained 51.6% of turnover intention. CONCLUSION: New nurse turnover intention can be reduced by mitigating the factors affecting this intention.


New nurses; Turnover intention

MeSH Terms

Attitude of Health Personnel
Burnout, Professional
Job Satisfaction
Nursing Staff, Hospital/*psychology
Organizational Culture
*Personnel Turnover
Self Efficacy
Stress, Psychological
Young Adult
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