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High-quality draft genome and characterization of commercially potent probiotic Lactobacillus strains

Sulthana A, Lakshmi SG, Madempudi

Lactobacillus acidophilus UBLA-34, L. paracasei UBLPC-35, L. plantarum UBLP-40, and L. reuteri UBLRU-87 were isolated from different varieties of fermented foods. To determine the probiotic safety at the strain level,...
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Host-Pathogen Interactions in Urinary Tract Infections

Ko YH, Choi JY, Song PH

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are classified by the host condition. Uncomplicated infections are caused most commonly by uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) and affect otherwise healthy people, whereas complicated infections are...
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Molecular Epidemiologic Study of a Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Outbreak at a Newborn Nursery and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

Kang HM, Park KC, Lee KY, Park J, Park SH, Lee DG, Kim JH

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the molecular epidemiology of a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) outbreak at a newborn nursery and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: During the outbreak, from...
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Interactions Between Atopic Dermatitis and Staphylococcus aureus Infection: Clinical Implications

Kim J, Kim BE, Ahn K, Leung DY

Staphylococcus aureus commonly colonizes the skin of atopic dermatitis (AD) patients and contributes to the development and exacerbation of AD. Multiple factors are associated with colonization of AD skin by...
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Thymol Rich Thymbra capitata Essential Oil Inhibits Quorum Sensing, Virulence and Biofilm Formation of Beta Lactamase Producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Qaralleh H

Infections with Pseudomonas aeruginosa are difficult to treat not only because it is often associated with multidrug-resistant infections but also it is able to form biofilm. The aim of this...
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Carriage of Staphylococcus schleiferi from canine otitis externa: antimicrobial resistance profiles and virulence factors associated with skin infection

Lee GY, Lee HH, Hwang SY, Hong J, Lyoo KS, Yang SJ

The recent emergence of Staphylococcus schleiferi in dogs with otitis externa or skin and soft tissue infections has become a significant zoonotic issues. In the current study, we investigated 1)...
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Prevalence of O-serogroups, virulence genes, and F18 antigenic variants in Escherichia coli isolated from weaned piglets with diarrhea in Korea during 2008–2016

Do KH, Byun JW, Lee WK

To diagnose colibacillosis, detection of O-serogroups and virulence genes has been recommended worldwide. The prevalence of virulence factors can fluctuate over time. The objectives of this study were to determine...
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Antibody-based Screening of Porphyromonas gingivalis Proteins Specifically Produced in Patients with Chronic Periodontitis

Kim HJ, Lee SW

Porphyromonas gingivalis is among the major etiological pathogens of chronic periodontitis. The virulence mechanisms of P. gingivalis is yet to be identified as its activity is largely unknown in actual...
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Genomic Insights into the Rice Blast Fungus through Estimation of Gene Emergence Time in Phylogenetic Context

Choi J, Lee JJ, Jeon J

The rice blast fungus, Magnaporthe oryzae, is an important pathogen of rice plants. It is well known that genes encoded in the genome have different evolutionary histories that are related...
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Association between Beta-lactam Antibiotic Resistance and Virulence Factors in AmpC Producing Clinical Strains of P. aeruginosa

Dehbashi S, Tahmasebi , Arabestani MR

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the presence of IMP and OXA genes in clinical strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) that are carriers of the ampC...
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Virulence Genes, Antibiotic Resistance and Capsule Locus Polymorphisms in Enterococcus faecalis isolated from Canals of Root-Filled Teeth with Periapical Lesions

Saffari F, Sobhanipoor MH, Shahravan , Ahmadrajabi R

Frequent isolation of Enterococcus faecalis from root canal treated teeth with apical periodontitis, has proposed the role of this organism in endodontic treatment failures. Different factors have been suggested in...
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Relationships between Virulence Factors and Antimicrobial Resistance among Escherichia coli Isolated from Urinary Tract Infections and Commensal Isolates in Tehran, Iran

Karam MR, Habibi M, Bouzari S

OBJECTIVES: Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) are the major cause of urinary tract infections (UTIs). Here, we determined whether sensitivity to antibiotics was related to the prevalence of iron scavenging genes,...
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Impact of microbiota in colorectal carcinogenesis: lessons from experimental models

Yu LC, Wei SC, Ni YH

A role of gut microbiota in colorectal cancer (CRC) growth was first suggested in germ-free rats almost 50 years ago, and the existence of disease-associated bacteria (termed pathobionts) had becoming...
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Dembo polymerase chain reaction technique for detection of bovine abortion, diarrhea, and respiratory disease complex infectious agents in potential vectors and reservoirs

Rahpaya SS, Tsuchiaka , Kishimoto , Oba M, Katayama Y, Nunomura Y, Kokawa S, Kimura T, Kobayashi , Kirino Y, Okabayashi T, Nonaka N, Mekata H, Aoki H, Shiokawa M, Umetsu M, Morita T, Hasebe A, Otsu K, Asai T, Yamaguchi , Makino S, Murata Y, Abi AJ, Omatsu T, Mizutani T

Bovine abortion, diarrhea, and respiratory disease complexes, caused by infectious agents, result in high and significant economic losses for the cattle industry. These pathogens are likely transmitted by various vectors...
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Panton-Valentine Leukocidin Positive Methicillin-Susceptible Staphylococcus aureus: A Case Report of Two Pediatric Patients with Thrombotic Complications

Ng DC, Anand LA, Khiu FL, Tan KK

Staphylococcus aureus is a well-recognized human pathogen that causes a wide range of infections as a result of its extensive virulence factors. One of these factors is Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL),...
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A two-component signal transduction system contributes to the virulence of Riemerella anatipestifer

Wang Q, Chen M, Zhang W

Similar to other studies of bacterial pathogens, current studies of the pathogenesis of Riemerella anatipestifer (RA) are focused mainly on in vitro culture conditions. To elucidate further the pathogenesis of...
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Pathogenic and phylogenetic characteristics of non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli isolates from retail meats in South Korea

Lee JB, Han D, Lee HT, Wi SM, Park JH, Jo JW, Cho YJ, Hahn TW, Lee S, Kang B, Kwak HS, Kim J, Yoon JW

Herein, we report the pathogenic and phylogenetic characteristics of seven Shiga toxin (Stx)-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) isolates from 434 retail meats collected in Korea during 2006 to 2012. The experimental...
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Piglet colibacillosis diagnosis based on multiplex polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry of paraffin-embedded tissues

De Lorenzo C, de Andrade CP, Machado VS, Bianchi MV, Rolim VM, Cruz RA, Driemeier

Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) causes diarrhea in pigs, referred to as colibacillosis. The aim of this study was to optimize multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) analyses of...
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Drosophila melanogaster as a Model for Studying Aspergillus fumigatus

AL-Maliki , Martinez S, Piszczatowski P, Bennett JW

Drosophila melanogaster is a useful model organism that offers essential insights into developmental and cellular processes shared with humans, which has been adapted for large scale analysis of medically important...
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Adherence Assay of Uropathogenic Escherichia coli In Vivo and In Vitro

Kim DY, Lee JC

PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the specific pathogenic properties or virulent determinant characteristics of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) as bacterial adherence in tissue culture cells in vitro and the...
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