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Associations of Plasma Neutrophil Gelatinase-associated Lipocalin, Anemia, and Renal Scarring in Children with Febrile Urinary Tract Infections

Lee JH, Yim HE, Yoo KH

BACKGROUND: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a bacteriostatic agent, is known to inhibit erythropoiesis leading to anemia. We aimed to investigate the associations of NGAL, anemia, and renal scarring in children...
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The ABCs of Voiding Cystourethrography

Kim YJ, Cho BS, Lee J, Ryu H, Byun H, Yeon M, Park Y, Oh C, Jeon Y

Voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) demonstrates the anatomy of the urinary system and is used to detect the presence/absence of vesicoureteral reflux. It is the most important modality for urological fluoroscopic examination...
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The Effects of Intradetrusor BoNT-A Injections on Vesicoureteral Reflux in Children With Myelodysplasia

Toprak T, Danacioglu YO, Verit A

PURPOSE: We retrospectively evaluated the efficacy of botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT-A) on vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), continence status, and urodynamic parameters in children with myelodysplasia who were not responsive to standard...
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Diagnostic Accuracy of Renal Ultrasonography for Vesicoureteral Reflux in Infants and Children Aged Under 24 Months with Urinary Tract Infections

Kim J, Lim YJ, Yi J, Hahn S, Lee HJ, Shin M, Jung HK

PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic accuracies of renal ultrasonography (US) and voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included infants and children (× 24 months...
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A Case of Infantile Fungal Urinary Tract Infection

Cho W, Jo YM, Oh YK, Rim JW, Lee WU, Choi K, Ko JH, Jeon YJ, Choi Y

Urinary tract infection is common in the pediatric population. The most common causative agents are bacteria, among which Escherichia coli is the most frequent uropathogen. Although fungal urinary tract infection...
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Clinical Characteristics of Ureteral Duplication in Children

Park MJ, Baek HS, Jang HM, Lee JN, Chung SK, Jeong SY, Lee SM, Cho MH

PURPOSE: Ureteral duplication is a relatively common congenital urinary tract abnormality that can be associated with various clinical problems such as vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), hydronephrosis, and ectopic ureters. The purpose...
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Transvesicoscopic Politano-Leadbetter ureteral reimplantation in children with vesicoureteral reflux: A novel surgical technique

Baek M, Han DH

PURPOSE: We introduce our novel procedure for transvesicoscopic ureteral reimplantation using the Politano-Leadbetter technique (TVUR-PL). We describe the detailed surgical procedure and report operative outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We report a...
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Impact of de novo vesicoureteral reflux on transurethral surgery outcomes in pediatric patients with ureteroceles

Song SH, Lee DH, Kim H, Lee J, Lee S, Ahn D, Park S, Kim KS

PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the impact of de novo vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) on postoperative urinary tract infection (UTI) and renal function in pediatric patients with ureteroceles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We...
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Susceptibility of the Index Urinary Tract Infection to Prophylactic Antibiotics Is a Predictive Factor of Breakthrough Urinary Tract Infection in Children with Primary Vesicoureteral Reflux Receiving Continuous Antibiotic Prophylaxis

Lee JN, Byeon KH, Woo MJ, Baek HS, Cho MH, Jeong SY, Lee SM, Ham JY, Ha YS, Kim HT, Yoo ES, Kwon TG, Chung SK

BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported on breakthrough urinary tract infection (UTI) associated with the susceptibility of index UTI to prophylactic antibiotics in children with primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) receiving continuous...
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Transient Pseudohypoaldosteronism in a 5-Month-old Infant Manifested as a Failure to Thrive

Lee JW, Cho SJ, Kim HS

Pseudohypoaldosteronism (PHA) in infants is manifested by presence of hyperkalemia, hyponatremia, and metabolic acidosis. At initial stages, PAH is generally suspected as congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Transient PHA has been reported...
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Analysis of Uropathogens of Febrile Urinary Tract Infection in Infant and Relationship with Vesicoureteral Reflux

Kim KH, Seo SH, Lee SD, Chung JM

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between uropathogens of infants with febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) and vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 308 infants hospitalized for...
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Calcified Macroplastique Substance: A Rare Cause of Recurrent Gross Hematuria after Endoscopic Injection

Seo MH, Song JY, Chung JM, Lee SD, Kim SY, Kim SH

Endoscopic subureteral injection for treatment of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is known to be safe and efficient due to its minimal invasive nature. Being non-migratory, non-antigenic, and biocompatible, Macroplastique (Polydimethylsiloxane) is...
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Comparison of 99mTc-DMSA Renal Scan and Power Doppler Ultrasonography for the Detection of Acute Pyelonephritis and Vesicoureteral Reflux

Bae HJ, Park YH, Cho JH, Jang KM

PURPOSE: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the common infectious diseases in children. Several imaging modalities can be used to confirm the presence of acute pyelonephritis (APN). Among them...
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Long-term Outcomes of Endoscopic Anti-reflux Surgery in Pediatric Patients with Vesicoureteral Reflux: Urinary Tract Infection, Renal Scarring, and Predictive Factors for Success

Choi W, Nam W, Lee C, Han JH, Shin JH, Kim KS, Song SH

BACKGROUND: To report the long-term outcomes of endoscopic surgery (ES) in pediatric patients with vesicoureteral reflux in terms of success rate, urinary tract infection, and renal function. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed...
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Bladder Stone after Intraureteral Polydimethylsioxane (Macroplastique) Injection Therapy in Vesicoureteral Reflux Patient

Kim JH

Macroplastique injection is safe and efficacious with a low complication rate. So this material is used commonly in vesicoureteral reflux patient. The risk of bladder mucosal necrosis and substantial decreases...
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New bulking agent for the treatment of vesicoureteral reflux: Polymethylmethacrylate/dextranomer

Kim SW, Lee YS, Im YJ, Han SW

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to report preliminary results of endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in children with a single injection of a new bulking agent, cross-linked dextran...
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Is vaginal reflux associated with urinary tract infection in female children under the age of 36 months?

Kim YB, Tang CL, Koo JW

PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between vaginal reflux (VR) and urinary tract infection (UTI) in female children aged < 36 months. METHODS: A single center retrospective study was performed for 191...
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A Case of Menkes Disease First Manifested as Severe Vesicoureteral Reflux Caused by a Novel Mutation in ATP7A Gene

Kang SA, Jeong SW, Lee EH

Menkes disease is a rare, neurodegenerative, copper metabolism disorder characterized by mutations in ATP7A gene. Clinical symptoms include epilepsy, growth delay, reduced muscle strength, skin hyperextension, hair deformation and urologic...
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Predictors of High-grade Vesicoureteral Reflux in Children with Febrile Urinary Tract Infections

Choi EJ, Lee MJ, Park SA, Lee OK

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate clinical and radiological factors that may predict high-grade vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in patients with febrile urinary tract infection (UTI). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed medical records...
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Clinical Efficacy of a Top-down Approach for Children with a First Febrile Urinary Tract Infection

Jang KM, Lim MH, Park YH, Kim S

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the clinical characteristics, frequency of renal abnormalities and benefits of a top-down approach in children with their first febrile urinary tract...
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