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A prediction model of Nephrolithiasis Risk: A population-based cohort study in Korea

Mukasa D, Sung J

PURPOSE: Well-validated risk prediction models help to stratify individuals on the basis of their disease risks and to guide health care professionals in decision-making. The incidence of nephrolithiasis has been...
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Survival prognoses of Heng intermediate-risk patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with immunotherapy or targeted therapy: A real-world, single-center retrospective study

Kim SH, Lee DE, Joung JY, Seo HK, Lee KH, Chung J

PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and cancer-specific survival (CSS) in Heng intermediate-risk patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) treated with first-line immunotherapy...
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Comparison between weekly versus 3-weekly paclitaxel in combination with carboplatin as neoadjuvant chemotherapy in advanced ovarian cancer

Kim YN, Lee YJ, Lee JY, Nam EJ, Kim SW, Kim S, Kim YT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and toxicity of dose-dense weekly paclitaxel and 3-weekly carboplatin (ddPC) as neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) with the standard 3-weekly regimen. METHODS: A retrospective study of patients diagnosed...
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Culture-Positive Spontaneous Ascitic Infection in Patients with Acute Decompensated Cirrhosis: Multidrug-Resistant Pathogens and Antibiotic Strategies

Liu J, Gao Y, Wang X, Qian Z, Chen J, Huang Y, Meng Z, Lu X, Deng G, Liu F, Zhang Z, Li H, Zheng X

PURPOSE: This study investigated multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens and antibiotic strategies of culture-positive spontaneous ascitic infection (SAI) in patients with acute decompensated cirrhosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 432 acute decompensated...
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Characteristics and survival of ovarian cancer patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy but not undergoing interval debulking surgery

Liu YL, Filippova OT, Zhou Q, Iasonos A, Chi DS, Zivanovic O, Sonoda Y, Gardner GJ, Broach VA, O'Cearbhaill RE, Konner JA, Aghajanian C, Long Roche K, Tew WP

OBJECTIVE: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) followed by interval debulking surgery (IDS) confers similar outcomes as primary debulking surgery and chemotherapy. Little is known about patients who receive NACT but do not...
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Effect of Pneumonia on All-cause Mortality after Elderly Hip Fracture: a Korean Nationwide Cohort Study

Jang SY, Cha Y, Yoo JI, Yu YT, Kim JT, Park CH, Choy W

BACKGROUND: The purposes of this study were 1) to investigate the incidence of pneumonia during hospitalization in elderly hip fracture patients, 2) to evaluate the effect of pneumonia on 30...
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Treatment persistence with a fixed-dose combination of tadalafil (5 mg) and tamsulosin (0.4 mg) and reasons for early discontinuation in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia and erectile dysfunction

Ahn ST, Lee DH, Jeong HG, Kim JW, Oh MM, Park HS, Moon DG

PURPOSE: The primary aim of this study was to assess treatment persistence with a fixed-dose combination (FDC) of tadalafil (5 mg) and tamsulosin (0.4 mg). This study also evaluated the...
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Preoperative sterile pyuria as a prognostic biomarker for intravesical recurrence in upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma

Jeon BJ, Tae BS, Choi H, Bae JH, Kim JW, Park HS, Park JY

PURPOSE: To evaluate if preoperative sterile pyuria can be a prognostic factor for intravesical recurrence (IVR) and overall survival (OS)in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) undergoing surgery. MATERIALS AND...
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The Effects of Depression on the Survival of Terminal Cancer Patients in a Palliative Care Unit

Son JS, Kim WH, Lee JS, Kim HY, Kang SG, Choi SH, Bae JN

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the association between depression and survival time in terminal cancer patients admitted to the palliative care unit. Emotional problems are important for terminal cancer patients in...
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A Study on the Efficacy and Safety of Rivaroxaban in Urologic Cancer-Associated Venous Thromboembolism

Lee JH, You D, Lee SD, Oh YM, Lee JS

PURPOSE: Although direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are recommended as an alternative to low-molecular weighted heparin for cancer-associated venous thromboembolism (VTE), there is no firm evidence on the efficacy and safety...
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Reverse Warburg Effect-Related Mitochondrial Activity and ¹⁸F-FDG Uptake in Invasive Ductal Carcinoma

Choi BW, Jeong YJ, Park SH, Oh HK, Kang S

PURPOSE: We evaluated the relationship between fluorine-18 fluoro-2-deoxy-glucose (¹⁸F-FDG) uptake and mitochondrial activity in cancer cells and investigated the prognostic implications of this relationship in patients with invasive ductal carcinoma...
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Risk Factors for Colorectal Cancer in Korea: A Population-Based Retrospective Cohort Study

Nam S, Choi YJ, Kim DW, Park EC, Kang JG

PURPOSE: The incidence of colorectal cancer in Korea has recently increased, making it the second most common cancer in men and the third most common cancer in women. Risk factors...
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Liver volume index predicts the risk of esophageal variceal hemorrhage in cirrhotic patients on propranolol prophylaxis

Kim BH, Chung JW, Lee CS, Jang ES, Jeong SH, Kim N, Kim JW

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Non-selective β-blockers (NSBBs) are used for primary prevention of esophageal variceal hemorrhage (VH) in patients with portal hypertension, but a significant number of patients develop VH while on NSBB...
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Survival analysis: part II – applied clinical data analysis

In J, Lee DK

As a follow-up to a previous article, this review provides several in-depth concepts regarding a survival analysis. Also, several codes for specific survival analysis are listed to enhance the understanding...
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Development and Evaluation of Electronic Health Record Data-Driven Predictive Models for Pressure Ulcers

Park SK, Park HA, Hwang H

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop predictive models for pressure ulcer incidence using electronic health record (EHR) data and to compare their predictive validity performance indicators with...
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Retrospective study on survival, success rate and complication of implant-supported fixed prosthesis according to the materials in the posterior area

Chae HS, Wang YK, Lee JJ, Song KY, Seo JM

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively investigate the survival and success rate of implant-supported fixed prosthesis according to the materials in the posterior area. Other purposes were...
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Prognostic Value of Post-diagnosis Health-Related Quality of Life for Overall Survival in Breast Cancer: Findings from a 10-Year Prospective Cohort in Korea

Mai TT, Choi JH, Lee MK, Chang YJ, Jung SY, Cho H, Lee ES

PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQOL) at 1-year post-diagnosis in breast cancer (BC) patients and its association with overall survival using data from the National Cancer...
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Television Viewing Time and Breast Cancer Incidence for Japanese Premenopausal and Postmenopausal Women: The JACC Study

Cao J, Eshak ES, Liu K, Muraki I, Cui R, Iso H, Tamakoshi , JACC Study Group

PURPOSE: The evidence on effects of TV viewing time among premenopausal and postmenopausal women for breast cancer risk remains controversial and limited. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study encompassing 33,276 (17,568...
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Changes of Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes after Core Needle Biopsy and the Prognostic Implications in Early Stage Breast Cancer: A Retrospective Study

Huang J, Chen X, Fei X, Huang O, Wu J, Zhu L, He J, Chen W, Li Y, Shen K

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) between core needle biopsy (CNB) and surgery removed sample (SRS) in early stage breast...
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Subdivision of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Patients with Bone-Only Metastasis at Diagnosis for Prediction of Survival and Treatment Guidance

Sun XS, Liang YJ, Liu SL, Chen QY, Guo SS, Wen YF, Liu LT, Xie HJ, Tang QN, Li XY, Yan JJ, Tang LQ, Mai HQ

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to subdivide M1 stage nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients with bone-only metastases for prognosis prediction while identifying the treatment effect of locoregional radiotherapy (LRRT)...
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