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Postinfectious Glomerulonephritis Associated with Pneumococcus and Influenza A Virus Infection in a Child: a Case Report and Literature Review

Huh H, Lee JK, Yun KW, Kang HG, Cheong HI

Postinfectious glomerulonephritis (PIGN) is most commonly caused by Streptococcus pyogenes in children, but PIGN associated with other pathogens has been described in the literature. A previously healthy 6-year-old boy was...
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The changes of prevalence and etiology of pediatric pneumonia from National Emergency Department Information System in Korea, between 2007 and 2014

Shin EJ, Kim Y, Jeong JY, Jung YM, Lee MH, Chung EH

PURPOSE: Understanding changes in pathogen and pneumonia prevalence among pediatric pneumonia patients is important for the prevention of infectious diseases. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data of children younger than 18 years...
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Clinical Characteristics of Community-Acquired Viridans Streptococcal Pneumonia

Choi SH, Cha SI, Choi KJ, Lim JK, Seo H, Yoo SS, Lee J, Lee SY, Kim CH, Park JY

BACKGROUND: Viridans streptococci (VS) are a large group of streptococcal bacteria that are causative agents of community-acquired respiratory tract infection. However, data regarding their clinical characteristics are limited. The purpose...
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Tumor necrosis factor-alpha deficiency impairs host defense against Streptococcus pneumoniae

Jeong DG, Seo JH, Heo SH, Choi YK, Jeong ES

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major human pathogen that is involved in community-acquired pneumonia. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that activates immune responses against infection, invasion, injury, or...
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A Case on Streptococcal Pneumonia Associated with Leptomeningitis, Osteomyelitis and Epidural Abscess in a Patient with AIDS

Jeon JW, Yoon HJ, Kim JS, Ryu IH, Choi JW, Kim MG, Na YM, Yun HJ

Patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are at higher risks of bacterial pneumonia than the general population, and the pathogen is the most commonly involved Streptococcus pneumoniae. We hereby report...
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Economic Burden and Epidemiology of Pneumonia in Korean Adults Aged over 50 Years

Yoo KH, Yoo CG, Kim SK, Jung JY, Lee MG, Uh ST, Shim TS, Jeon K, Shim JJ, Lee HB, Chung CR, Kang KW, Jung KS

This study was performed to estimate the direct medical costs and epidemiology of pneumonia in adults of Korea. We conducted a multi-center, retrospective, observational study and collected data targeting for...
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Diagnosis of Pneumococcal Pneumonia: Current Pitfalls and the Way Forward

Song JY, Eun BW, Nahm MH

Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of community-acquired pneumonia. However, it can also asymptomatically colonize the upper respiratory tract. Because of the need to distinguish between S. pneumoniae that...
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Clinical Implications of Pneumococcal Serotypes: Invasive Disease Potential, Clinical Presentations, and Antibiotic Resistance

Song JY, Nahm MH, Moseley MA

Streptococcus pneumoniae can asymptomatically colonize the nasopharynx and cause a diverse range of illnesses. This clinical spectrum from colonization to invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) appears to depend on the pneumococcal...
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Efficacy of Pneumococcal Vaccines

Park H

Streptococcus pneumonia is a very important pathogen for children and elderly people. Two types of pneumococcal vaccines are available in the market: pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV) and pneumococcal conjugate vaccine...
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The Difference in Clinical Presentations between Healthcare-Associated and Community-Acquired Pneumonia in University-Affiliated Hospital in Korea

Jeon EJ, Cho SG, Shin JW, Kim JY, Park IW, Choi BW, Choi JC

PURPOSE: Healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) has been proposed as a new category of pneumonia. However, epidemiological studies for HCAP in South Korea are limited. This study aimed to reveal the differences...
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A Case of Common Variable Immune Deficiency Presenting as Recurrent Pneumococcal Pneumonia

Jeong J, Cho JH, Nam H, Ryu JS, Kwak SM, Lee HL

  • KMID: 2319565
  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2011 Oct;71(4):282-285.
Common variable immune deficiency (CVID) is the most common primary immune deficiency, which is manifested as chronic recurrent respiratory infections and hypoglobulinemia. CVID usually presents in the second or third...
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Comparison of Clinical Characteristics of Pneumococcal and non-Pneumococcal Streptococcal Pneumonia

Jo YM, Song JY, Choi WS, Heo JY, Noh JY, Kim WJ, Cheong HJ

BACKGROUND: Although Pneumococcal (SPN) pneumonia is the most common cause of community-acquired pneumonia, non-pneumococcal streptococcal (NSPN) pneumonia is also frequently reported. However, there are insufficient data on characteristics of NSPN...
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Investigation of Positive Streptococcus pneumoniae Urinary Antigen Test Results in a Korean University Hospital

Kim IS, Koh EH, Kim S, Maeng KY, Jung HJ

BACKGROUND: The Streptococcus pneumoniae urinary antigen test (SPUAT) (Binax Now, USA) was developed for detecting polysaccharide C in urine samples for rapid diagnosis of pneumococcal pneumonia, the most common cause...
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Comparative Study of Pneumonia Caused by Streptococcus pneumonia and Legionella pneumophila

Lyu J, Song JW, Choi CM, Oh YM, Lee SD, Kim WS, Kim DS, Kim MN, Shim TS

BACKGROUND: Legionella pneumophila has been recognized as an important cause of pneumonia. However, limited data are available in the literature regarding legionella pneumonia in Korea. The objective of this study...
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A case of fatal pneumococcal 19A meningoencephalitis despite administration of seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines

Heo AR, Lee JH

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of serious invasive diseases in children, especially in young infants, but seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) is believed to prevent invasive pneumococcal pneumonia and...
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Pulmonary Complication of Novel Influenza A (H1N1) Infection: Imaging Features in Two Patients

Lee CW, Seo JB, Song JW, Lee HJ, Lee JS, Kim MY, Chae EJ, Song JW, Kim WY

Novel influenza A (H1N1) virus is the pathogen of recent global outbreaks of febrile respiratory infection. We herein report the imaging findings of pulmonary complication in two patients with novel...
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Antibiotic-induced Severe Neutropenia with Multidrug-Dependent Antineutrophil Antibodies Developed in A Child with Streptococcus pneumoniae Infection

Lee YH, Lee HB, Kim JY, Lim YJ, Shin SA, Han TH

Drug-induced neutropenia (DIN), particularly that in which antibiotic-dependent antineutrophil antibodies have been detected, is a rare disorder. We report the case of a child with pneumococcal pneumonia, who experienced severe...
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A Case of Septic Arthritis in Patient with Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome

Do JH

The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome is a rare disease characterized by thrombocytopenia, recurrent eczema and a marked vulnerability to recurrent infection. Patients with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome have frequent infections by bacteria which have...
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A Case of Severe Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Treated with Extracorporeal Life Support

Kim YM, Lee JY, Lee MG, Lee CY, Kim GW, Sohn KM, Yang HN, Kim DY, Choi HH, Kim HS

  • KMID: 2318985
  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2007 Dec;63(6):526-530.
The incidence of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has been estimated worldwide to range from 1.7 to 75 cases per 100,000. There are many treatments for ARDS, but only the...
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Evaluation of Urinary Antigen Test for Rapid Diagnosis of Community-Acquired Pneumococcal Pneumonia

Ryoo NH, Ha JS, Jeon DS, Kim JR

  • KMID: 1892734
  • Korean J Clin Microbiol.
  • 2004 Sep;7(2):178-181.
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of the most common pathogens of communityacquired pneumonia (CAP) which needs rapid diagnosis and appropriate therapeutic approaches. We evaluated a new rapid urinary antigen test...
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