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Autophagy in neutrophils

Shrestha S, Lee JM, Hong CW

Autophagy is a highly conserved intracellular degradation and energy-recycling mechanism that contributes to the maintenance of cellular homeostasis. Extensive researches over the past decades have defined the role of autophagy...
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Generation of Retinal Pigmented Epithelium-Like Cells from Pigmented Spheres Differentiated from Bone Marrow Stromal Cell-Derived Neurospheres

Kadkhodaeian HA, Tiraihi T, Ahmadieh H, Ziaei H, Daftarian , Taheri T

BACKGROUND: Retinal degeneration causes blindness, and cell replacement is a potential therapy. The purpose of this study is to formation of pigmented neurospheres in a simple medium, low-cost, high-performance manner...
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Immune mechanisms in the different phases of acute tubular necrosis

Kundert F, Platen L, Iwakura T, Zhao Z, Marschner , Anders HJ

Acute kidney injury is a clinical syndrome that can be caused by numerous diseases including acute tubular necrosis (ATN). ATN evolves in several phases, all of which are accompanied by...
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Different invasion efficiencies of Brucella abortus wild-type and mutantsin RAW 264.7 and THP-1 phagocytic cells and HeLa non-phagocytic cells

Shim S, Im YB, Jung M, Park WB, Yoo HS

Brucellosis is one of the common zoonoses caused by Brucella abortus (B. abortus). However, little has been reported on factors affecting invasion of B. abortus into host cells. To investigate...
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Effect of Various Agents on Oral Bacterial Phagocytosis in THP-1 Cells

Song Y, Lee HA, Na HS, Chung J

Phagocytosis is a fundamental process in which phagocytes capture and ingest foreign particles including pathogenic bacteria. Several oral pathogens have anti-phagocytic strategies, which allow them to escape from and survive...
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Extracellular Vesicles of Neutrophils

Hong CW

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are membrane-derived vesicles that mediate intercellular communications. As professional phagocytes, neutrophils also produce EVs in response to various inflammatory stimuli during inflammatory processes. Neutrophil-derived EVs can be...
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Engulfment signals and the phagocytic machinery for apoptotic cell clearance

Park SY, Kim IS

The clearance of apoptotic cells is an essential process for tissue homeostasis. To this end, cells undergoing apoptosis must display engulfment signals, such as ‘find-me' and ‘eat-me' signals. Engulfment signals...
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Opsonophagocytic Antibodies to Serotype Ia, Ib, and III Group B Streptococcus among Korean Infants and in Intravenous Immunoglobulin Products

Kim HW, Lee JH, Cho HK, Lee H, Seo HS, Lee S, Kim KH

Group B streptococcus (GBS) infection is a leading cause of sepsis and meningitis among infants, and is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality in many countries. Protection against...
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Current Understanding in Neutrophil Differentiation and Heterogeneity

Hong CW

Neutrophils are professional phagocytes that conduct effectors functions in the innate immune systems. They are differentiated in the bone marrow (BM) and terminally differentiated neutrophils are then released into systemic...
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Genetic Polymorphism in Proteins of the Complement System

Kim H, Hwang D, Han J, Lee HK, Yang WJ, Jin J, Kim KH, Kim SI, Yoo DK, Kim S, Chung J

The complement system is a part of the innate immune system that potentiates the ability of antibodies and phagocytic cells to clear microbes and damaged cells. The complement system consists...
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Reactive Oxygen Species, Interferon and Antiviral Innate Immune Response in Nasal Mucosa

Hong SN, Kim HJ

The regulated production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) has been considered a unique property of phagocytic cells which use this ROS system to induce innate defense system that enables it...
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Identification of a Novel Mutation in the CYBB Gene, p.Asp378Gly, in a Patient With X-linked Chronic Granulomatous Disease

Song SM, Park MR, Kim DS, Kim J, Kim YJ, Ki CS, Ahn K

Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare immunodeficiency disease, which is characterized by the lack of a functional nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase in phagocytes. The disease presents leukocytosis,...
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DICAM-mediated Inhibition of Type 1 Interferon System during Macrophage Differentiation of THP-1 Cells

Kim BY, Park I, Jung YK, Han MS, Kim GW, Han SW

OBJECTIVE: We have previously shown that DICAM inhibits LPS-mediated macrophage differentiation. However, less is known about the exact action mechanisms of DICAM on the macrophage function and differentiation. METHODS: To induce...
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Characterization of an Extracytoplasmic Chaperone Spy in Protecting Salmonella against Reactive Oxygen/Nitrogen Species

Park YM, Lee HJ, Bang IS

Antimicrobial actions of reactive oxygen/nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) derived from products of NADPH oxidase and inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase in host phagocytes inactivate various bacterial macromolecules. To cope with these...
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Apoptosis Expression in Various Cutaneous Diseases

Suhng EA, Byun JY, Choi YW, Choi HY

  • KMID: 1427465
  • Korean J Dermatol.
  • 2013 May;51(5):315-321.
BACKGROUND: Cell death is divided into two types, cell necrosis and apoptosis. In contrast to cell necrosis, an apoptotic cell is ingested by phagocytes and apoptosis is not accompanied by...
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Clinical Predictors of Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases in Children

Reda SM, El-Ghoneimy DH, Afifi HM

PURPOSE: To promote awareness of primary immunodeficiency (PID), the "10 warning signs" of PID and an immunodeficiency-related (IDR) score were developed. However, their efficiency in identifying PID cases was not...
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Role of Reactive Oxygen Species in Allergic Rhinitis

Lee SS

Among many factors explaining recent increase in the prevalence of asthma and allergic rhinitis, role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) during development of these diseases is increasingly considered. Due to...
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Neutrophils in Immunity

Woo SY

Neutrophils are the most abundant white blood cells in the peripheral blood and have long been recognized as the major phagocytes in acute infection by destroying extracellular pathogens. Although research...
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Ill-defined Granulomas Demonstrated in Ulcers of the Terminal Ileum and Transverse Colon in a Patient with Typhoid Fever

Yun SG, Kim NH, Kim MH, Park JH, Bae WK, Kim KA, Lee JS, Kim HS

  • KMID: 1442186
  • Korean J Gastrointest Endosc.
  • 2011 Jul;43(1):56-59.
Typhoid fever, the most serious human salmonellosis, is a systemic infectious disease caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi and is characterized by prolonged fever, bacteremia, and multiplication of the organism...
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Formulation and Characterization of Antigen-loaded PLGA Nanoparticles for Efficient Cross-priming of the Antigen

Lee YR, Lee YH, Im SA, Kim K, Lee CK

BACKGROUND: Nanoparticles (NPs) prepared from biodegradable polymers, such as poly (D,L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), have been studied as vehicles for the delivery of antigens to phagocytes. This paper describes the...
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