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Acute myocarditis associated with non-typhoidal Salmonella gastroenteritis

Choi S, Son JS, Moon HW, Kim SJ, Park HW, Lee R

  • Pediatr Emerg Med J.
  • 2019 Dec;6(2):92-96.
  • doi: 10.22470/pemj.2019.00094
Acute myocarditis is clinically rare in children, but poses a significant risk for morbidity and mortality. Children with myocarditis show a wide variety of clinical manifestations ranging from subclinical myocarditis...
Small bowel obstruction by water beads in a 12-month-old girl presenting with acute hyponatremia with seizure

Lee NR, Shin HB, Jeong YJ, Kim SJ

  • Pediatr Emerg Med J.
  • 2019 Dec;6(2):86-91.
  • doi: 10.22470/pemj.2019.00115
Although foreign body ingestion is relatively common in children aged 6 months-3 years, small bowel obstruction rarely develops, and few cases require surgical interventions. We report a case of 12-month-old...
A case of gastroduodenal ulcer complicating Kawasaki disease

Sohn H, Kim K, Koh H, Kim S

  • Pediatr Emerg Med J.
  • 2019 Dec;6(2):81-85.
  • doi: 10.22470/pemj.2019.00087
Kawasaki disease (KD) is a systemic vasculitis associated with various clinical manifestations and complications, such as gastrointestinal abnormalities. We report a 3-year-old boy who presented with hematemesis and diffuse gastroduodenal...
Abdominal pain without bruising or sign of trauma: pancreatic injuries in children is difficult to predict

Bak SY, Lee HJ, Baek HS, Ahn SM, Cho GC

  • Pediatr Emerg Med J.
  • 2019 Dec;6(2):77-80.
  • doi: 10.22470/pemj.2019.00059
Pancreatic injuries due to trauma in children are rare. An early diagnosis is difficult as the signs and symptoms are insidious, but delays in diagnosis can lead to significant complications....
Performance of the combined models of Pediatric Risk of Admission scores I and II, and C-reactive protein for prediction of hospitalization in febrile children who visited the emergency department

Jeong JS, Kim T, Kim DH, Kang CW, Lee SH, Jeong JH, Lee SB

  • Pediatr Emerg Med J.
  • 2019 Dec;6(2):69-76.
  • doi: 10.22470/pemj.2019.00073
PURPOSE: To study the performance of the combined models of Pediatric Risk of Admission (PRISA) scores I and II and Creactive protein (CRP) for prediction of hospitalization in febrile children...
The effect of introducing Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network rule on reducing brain computed tomography use for children with minor head injury

Jung SW, Jang JH, Cho JS, Hyun SY, Lim YS, Yang HJ, Choi JY

  • Pediatr Emerg Med J.
  • 2019 Dec;6(2):63-68.
  • doi: 10.22470/pemj.2019.00101
PURPOSE: Computed tomography (CT) scan is an effective modality for detecting fatal traumatic brain injury. However, radiation exposure from CT can increase the risk of cancer, and children are more...
Characteristics of poisoning in younger children according to different forms of the drugs

Jang M, Ko Y, Yang HW, Lee J

  • Pediatr Emerg Med J.
  • 2019 Dec;6(2):57-62.
  • doi: 10.22470/pemj.2019.00108
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of poisoning drug ingested by younger children, and to compare the clinical outcome by drug forms. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis based...
Age group characteristics of clinical features and use of epinephrine in children with anaphylaxis who visited the emergency department

Baek N, Lee JS, Ryu JM

  • Pediatr Emerg Med J.
  • 2019 Dec;6(2):50-56.
  • doi: 10.22470/pemj.2019.00122
PURPOSE: Diagnosis of anaphylaxis depends on clinical manifestations and a high index of suspicion, and a misdiagnosis can lead to a preventable death. We aimed to investigate age group characteristics...
Prediction for serious bacterial infection in febrile children aged 3 years or younger: comparison of inflammatory markers, the Laboratory-score, and a new laboratory combined model

Kim YW, Kyong YY, Choi KH, Choi SM, Oh YM, Oh JS, Oh SH, Park JT

  • Pediatr Emerg Med J.
  • 2019 Dec;6(2):42-49.
  • doi: 10.22470/pemj.2019.00080
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of inflammatory markers, the Laboratory-score, and a new laboratory combined model for predicting serious bacterial infection (SBI) in young febrile children. METHODS: The presence of SBI...
Leukostasis by hyperleukocytic childhood acute leukemia: pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and emergency care

Nam KL, Baek GY, Jeon IS

  • Pediatr Emerg Med J.
  • 2019 Dec;6(2):35-41.
  • doi: 10.22470/pemj.2019.00150
Hyperleukocytosis (HL), defined by a peripheral white blood cell (WBC) count exceeding 100,000/mm³, is occasionally observed in childhood acute leukemia. The increased viscosity in the micro-circulation by HL and the...

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