Pediatr Emerg Med J.  2019 Dec;6(2):92-96. 10.22470/pemj.2019.00094.

Acute myocarditis associated with non-typhoidal Salmonella gastroenteritis

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. drsonped@kuh.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Acute myocarditis is clinically rare in children, but poses a significant risk for morbidity and mortality. Children with myocarditis show a wide variety of clinical manifestations ranging from subclinical myocarditis to heart failure, hemodynamic compromise, arrhythmia, and even sudden death. Salmonella species are associated with clinical presentations including gastroenteritis, enteric fever, bacteremia, and extra-intestinal focal infections. Non-typhoidal Salmonella infections usually cause self-limiting gastroenteritis, but are rarely associated with myocarditis. In this report, we present a case of myocarditis associated with Salmonella serogroup B gastroenteritis in a previously healthy 15-year-old boy.

Keyword

Child; Gastroenteritis; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Myocarditis; Salmonella Infections

MeSH Terms

Adolescent
Arrhythmias, Cardiac
Bacteremia
Child
Death, Sudden
Focal Infection
Gastroenteritis*
Heart Failure
Hemodynamics
Humans
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Male
Mortality
Myocarditis*
Salmonella Infections
Salmonella*
Serogroup
Typhoid Fever
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