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Mitochondrial Quality Control in the Heart: New Drug Targets for Cardiovascular Disease

Oh CM, Ryu D, Cho S, Jang Y

Despite considerable efforts to prevent and treat cardiovascular disease (CVD), it has become the leading cause of death worldwide. Cardiac mitochondria are crucial cell organelles responsible for creating energy-rich ATP...
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Mitochondrial Mechanisms in Diabetic Cardiomyopathy

Gollmer J, Zirlik A, Bugger H

Mitochondrial medicine is increasingly discussed as a promising therapeutic approach, given that mitochondrial defects are thought to contribute to many prevalent diseases and their complications. In individuals with diabetes mellitus...
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Ceramides: Nutrient Signals that Drive Hepatosteatosis

Summers SA

Ceramides are minor components of the hepatic lipidome that have major effects on liver function. These products of lipid and protein metabolism accumulate when the energy needs of the hepatocyte...
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Reactive Oxygen Species Modulator 1 (ROMO1), a New Potential Target for Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment

Amini MA, Talebi SS, Karimi J

Today, the incidence of cancer in the world is rising, and it is expected that in the next several decades, the number of people suffering from cancer or (the cancer...
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Pseudolaric acid B inhibits PAX2 expression through Wnt signaling and induces BAX expression, therefore promoting apoptosis in HeLa cervical cancer cells

Guan D, Li C, Lv X, Yang Y

OBJECTIVES: Pseudolaric acid B (PAB) has been shown to inhibit the growth of various tumor cells, but the molecular details of its function are still unknown. This study investigated the...
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Asiatic Acid Protects Dopaminergic Neurons from Neuroinflammation by Suppressing Mitochondrial ROS Production

Chen D, Zhang XY, Sun J, Cong QJ, Chen WX, Ahsan HM, Gao J, Qian JJ

This study sought to evaluate the effects of Asiatic acid in LPS-induced BV2 microglia cells and 1-methyl-4-phenyl-pyridine (MPP⁺)-induced SH-SY5Y cells, to investigate the potential anti-inflammatory mechanisms of Asiatic acid in...
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Profiling of remote skeletal muscle gene changes resulting from stimulation of atopic dermatitis disease in NC/Nga mouse model

Lee D, Seo Y, Kim YW, Kim S, Choi J, Moon SH, Bae H, Kim HS, Kim H, Kim JH, Kim TY, Kim E, Yim S, Lim I, Bang H, Kim JH, Ko JH

Although atopic dermatitis (AD) is known to be a representative skin disorder, it also affects the systemic immune response. In a recent study, myoblasts were shown to be involved in...
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Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Adipocytes as a Primary Cause of Adipose Tissue Inflammation

Woo CY, Jang JE, Lee SE, Koh EH, Lee KU

Adipose tissue inflammation is considered a major contributing factor in the development of obesity-associated insulin resistance and cardiovascular diseases. However, the cause of adipose tissue inflammation is presently unclear. The...
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Evaluation of bioenergetic and mitochondrial function in liver transplantation

Martins RM, Teodoro JS, Furtado E, Rolo AP, Palmeira C, Tralhão J

BACKGROUND/AIMS: We measured changes in mitochondrial function and bioenergetics that occur during ischemia/reperfusion in fresh liver samples of patients undergoing liver transplantation. These variations correlated with markers of liver function...
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Abnormal Mitochondria in a Non-human Primate Model of MPTP-induced Parkinson's Disease: Drp1 and CDK5/p25 Signaling

Park J, Seo J, Won J, Yeo HG, Ahn YJ, Kim K, Jin YB, Koo BS, Lim KS, Jeong KJ, Kang P, Lee HY, Baek SH, Jeon CY, Hong JJ, Huh JW, Kim YH, Park SJ, Kim SU, Lee DS, Lee SR, Lee Y

Mitochondria continuously fuse and divide to maintain homeostasis. An impairment in the balance between the fusion and fission processes can trigger mitochondrial dysfunction. Accumulating evidence suggests that mitochondrial dysfunction is...
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Induction of Melanoma Cell-Selective Apoptosis Using Anti-HER2 Antibody-Conjugated Gold Nanoparticles

Jeon HJ, Choi BB, Park KH, Hwang DS, Kim UK, Kim GC

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to verify the induction and mechanism of selective apoptosis in G361 melanoma cells using anti-HER2 antibody-conjugated gold nanoparticles (GNP-HER2). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following GNP-HER2 treatment of...
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Dipenyleneiodonium Induces Growth Inhibition of Toxoplasma gondii through ROS Induction in ARPE-19 Cells

Sun PR, Gao FF, Choi HG, Zhou W, Yuk JM, Kwon J, Lee YH, Cha GH

Based on the reactive oxygen species (ROS) regulatory properties of diphenyleneiodonium (DPI), we investigated the effects of DPI on host-infected T. gondii proliferation and determined specific concentration that inhibit the...
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The autophagy Protein Atg5 Plays a Crucial Role in the Maintenance and Reconstitution Ability of Hematopoietic Stem Cells

Jung HE, Shim YR, Oh JE, Oh DS, Lee HK

Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in bone marrow are pluripotent cells that can constitute the hematopoiesis system through self-renewal and differentiation into immune cells and red blood cells. To ensure a...
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Evaluation and Interpretation of Transcriptome Data Underlying Heterogeneous Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Ham S, Oh YM, Roh TY

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a type of progressive lung disease, featured by airflow obstruction. Recently, a comprehensive analysis of the transcriptome in lung tissue of COPD patients was...
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Induction of Apoptosis Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi Root Extract by Inactivation of the Phosphatidyl Inositol 3-kinase/Akt Signaling Pathway in Human Leukemia U937 Cells

Choi EO, Hwang HJ, Choi YH

BACKGROUND: The roots of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi (Labiatae) have been widely used in traditional medicine for treatment of various diseases. In this study, we investigated the effects of ethanol extracts...
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Implications of Mitochondrial Unfolded Protein Response and Mitokines: A Perspective on Fatty Liver Diseases

Yi HS

The signaling network of the mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPR(mt)) and mitohormesis is a retrograde signaling pathway through which mitochondria-to-nucleus communication occurs in organisms. Recently, it has been shown that...
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The effects of addition of coenzyme Q10 to metformin on sirolimus-induced diabetes mellitus

Sun IO, Jin L, Jin J, Lim SW, Chung BH, Yang CW

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study was performed to determine whether adding coenzyme Q10 (CoQ(10)) to metformin (MET) has a beneficial effect as a treatment for sirolimus (SRL)-induced diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: DM was...
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Neuroprotective mechanisms of dieckol against glutamate toxicity through reactive oxygen species scavenging and nuclear factor-like 2/heme oxygenase-1 pathway

Cui Y, Amarsanaa , Lee JH, Rhim JK, Kwon JM, Kim SH, Park JM, Jung SC, Eun SY

Glutamate toxicity-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction and neuronal cell death are involved in the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative diseases as well as acute brain ischemia/stroke. In this study, we investigated the neuroprotective...
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Treadmill Exercise Ameliorates Chemotherapy-Induced Muscle Weakness and Central Fatigue by Enhancing Mitochondrial Function and Inhibiting Apoptosis

Park SS, Park HS, Jeong H, Kwak HB, No MH, Heo JW, Yoo SZ, Kim TW

PURPOSE: Chemotherapy is associated with the side effects including damage to the mitochondrial DNA. Doxorubicin (DOX) serves as a chemotherapeutic agent for the patients with breast cancer or prostate cancer....
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Dysfunctional Mitochondrial Bioenergetics and Synaptic Degeneration in Alzheimer Disease

Tang J, Oliveros A, Jang MH

Synapses are sites of high energy demand which are dependent on high levels of mitochondrial derived adenosine triphosphate. Mitochondria within synaptic structures are key for maintenance of functional neurotransmission and...
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