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Midazolam use in pediatric dentistry: a review

Jain SA, Rathi N, Thosar N, Baliga S

Behaviour management and dental procedures performed in very young, pre-cooperative, highly anxious, or medically disabled children are challenging tasks. Various drugs and methods have, however, been introduced to facilitate treatment...
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Using Etomidate and Midazolam for Screening Colonoscopies Results in More Stable Hemodynamic Responses in Patients of All Ages

Lee JM, Min G, Keum B, Lee JM, Kim SH, Choi HS, Kim ES, Seo YS, Jeen YT, Chun HJ, Lee HS, Um SH, Kim CD

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recent studies have demonstrated that etomidate is a safe sedative drug with noninferior sedative effects. In our recent study, we revealed that etomidate/midazolam was more hemodynamically stable than propofol/midazolam...
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Adverse events of conscious sedation using midazolam for gastrointestinal endoscopy

Jun J, Han JI, Choi AL, Kim YJ, Lee JW, Kim DY, Lee M

BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to identify the types and incidence of adverse events associated with midazolam, which is the most widely used drug to induce conscious sedation during gastrointestinal...
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A Trend of Treatment in Department of Pediatric Dentistry for 10 Years

Kim H, Kim J

The purpose of this study is to analyze the changes in patient distribution and practice pattern resulted from changes of socioeconomic circumstances. From January 2008 to December 2017, information about...
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Propofol with and without Midazolam for Diagnostic Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopies in Children

Akbulut UE, Kartal S, Dogan U, Akcali GE, Kalayci S, Kirci H

PURPOSE: Various publications on the use of sedation and anesthesia for diagnostic procedures in children have demonstrated that no ideal agent is available. Although propofol has been widely used for...
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Fatal pulmonary aspiration during balanced sedation with dexmedetomidine and midazolam: A case report

Park JH, Kim SY, Kwon MA

Recently, balanced sedation has commonly been used during procedural sedation. Dexmedetomidine is known for its relative safety to cause “conscious sedation” with little respiratory depression but has some limitations such...
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Role of dexmedetomidine in pediatric dental sedation

Mohite V, Baliga S, Thosar N, Rathi N

Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective α2-adrenoceptor agonist with a vast array of properties, making it suitable for sedation in numerous clinical scenarios. Its use was previously restricted to the sedation...
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Efficacy and Safety of Fentanyl in Combination with Midazolam in Children on Mechanical Ventilation

Lee B, Park JD, Choi YH, Han YJ, Suh DI

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of fentanyl for sedation therapy in mechanically ventilated children. METHODS: This was a double-blind, randomized controlled trial of mechanically ventilated patients between 2 months...
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The Effectiveness of Ultrasound-Guided Thoracic Paravertebral Block for Percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation of Hepatic Tumors: A Pilot Study

Kim H, Kim Y, Kim BJ, Shin SI, Yim SM, Lee JH

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) for management of pain during and after percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of hepatic tumor. MATERIALS...
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Awake fiberoptic nasotracheal intubation for patients with difficult airway

Tsukamoto , Hitosugi T, Yokoyama T

Awake fiberoptic nasotracheal intubation is a useful technique, especially in patients with airway obstruction. It must not only provide sufficient anesthesia, but also maintain spontaneous breathing. We introduce a method...
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Analysis of the effect of oral midazolam and triazolam premedication before general anesthesia in patients with disabilities with difficulty in cooperation

Lim SW, So E, Yun HJ, Karm MH, Chang J, Lee H, Kim HJ, Seo KS

BACKGROUND: When performing dental treatment under general anesthesia in adult patients who have difficulty cooperating due to intellectual disabilities, anesthesia induction may be difficult as well. In particular, patients who...
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Comparison of the efficacy of a combination of high dose metoclopramide and dexamethasone, with that of haloperidol, midazolam and dexamethasone, for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting in laparoscopic gynecologic surgery

Jee YS, Yoon HJ, Park YS, Kim DW

BACKGROUND: This prospective randomized double-blinded study was designed to compare the efficacy of a combination of high dose metoclopramide and dexamethasone with that of haloperidol, midazolam and dexamethasone, for the...
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Comparison of Patient Satisfaction and Complications of Rhinoplasty between Local and General Anesthesia

Heo SJ, Cha EJ, Cho HS, Park JH, Lee JG, Kim JS

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Since rhinoplasty techniques require meticulous and delicate manipulation, proper anesthesia is essential. The aim of the current study is to compare patient satisfaction and complication of rhinoplasty...
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A Comparison of Sedation with Ketamine-Midazolam versus Ketamine-Propofol for the Lumbar Puncture in Children

Ko YR, Jeon W, Kwak JR, Lee JS

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to compare the safety and effectiveness of intravenous ketamine-midazolam (KM) and ketamine-propofol (KP) combination for the lumbar puncture (LP) procedure in children. METHODS: This was a...
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A Retrospective Statistical Study on Sedation Cases in Department of Pediatric Dentistry at Dankook University Dental Hospital for 5 Years

Park C, Shin J, Kim J, Kim J

Recently, sedation is routinely used in children who lacked cooperation in pediatric dental clinics. The purpose of this study is to analyze dental treatment cases in department of pediatric dentistry...
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Administration order of midazolam/fentanyl for moderate dental sedation

Lobb D, Clarke A, Lai H

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of administration order when a sedative drug (midazolam) and an opioid analgesic drug (fentanyl) is applied for moderate intravenous...
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Beneficial aspect of dexmedetomidine as a postoperative sedative for cardiac surgery

Kim S, Kim KM, Lee S, Yoo BH, Kim S, Park SJ, Lee J, Chung E

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of the sedative, analgesic, and hemodynamic effects of dexmedetomidine and midazolam for sedation after coronary artery bypass grafting...
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Sedation-related Adverse Events Associated with a Diagnostic Upper Endoscopy: A Single Center-observational Study

Lee J, Shim KN, Lee KH, Lee KE, Chang JY, Tae CH, Moon CM, Kim SE, Jung HK, Jung SA

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Appropriate sedation during endoscopy can significantly reduce the discomfort experienced by a patient when the procedure is performed; however, it is associated with several potential risks. Very few reports...
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A prospective randomized controlled double-blind trial to assess the effects of dexmedetomidine during cleft palate surgery

Surana P, Parikh DA, Patkar GA, Tendolkar

BACKGROUND: We investigated whether the intraoperative administration of dexmedetomidine would attenuate the profound sympathoadrenal response associated with cleft palate (CP) surgery. METHODS: Sixty children aged 6 months to 12 years undergoing...
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Comparison of the clinical performance of the modified Marsh model for propofol between underweight and normal-weight patients with Crohn's disease

Park SK, Park JH, Kang HU, Choi BM, Noh GJ

BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the clinical performance of the modified Marsh model for propofol between underweight and normal-weight patients with Crohn's disease. METHODS: The medical...
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