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Prevalence and Clinical Characteristics of Asymptomatic Pyuria in Chronic Kidney Disease

Kwon YE, Oh DJ, Kim MJ, Choi HM

BACKGROUND: Pyuria seems to be common in chronic kidney disease (CKD), irrespective of urinary tract infection (UTI). It has been hypothesized that sterile pyuria occurs in CKD because of chronic...
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Extracting Structured Genotype Information from Free-Text HLA Reports Using a Rule-Based Approach

Lee KH, Kim HJ, Kim YJ, Kim JH, Song EY

BACKGROUND: Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing is important for transplant patients to prevent a severe mismatch reaction, and the result can also support the diagnosis of various disease or prediction...
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Is there an association between platelet and blood inflammatory indices and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus?

Fashami MA, Hajian S, Afrakhteh , Khoob MK

OBJECTIVE: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the most prevalent medical complication in pregnancy. Early diagnosis of GDM can influence maternal/neonatal outcomes. To assess the association between platelet and blood inflammatory...
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Epithelial PI3K-δ Promotes House Dust Mite-Induced Allergic Asthma in NLRP3 Inflammasome-Dependent and -Independent Manners

Kim SR, Park HJ, Lee KB, Kim HJ, Jeong JS, Cho SH, Lee YC

PURPOSE: Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-δ-dependent Akt activation is known to play critical roles in various immune responses of white blood cells in which PI3K-δ isoform is mostly expressed in contrast to...
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Flow Cytometry for the Diagnosis of Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases: A Single Center Experience

Kwon WK, Choi S, Kim HJ, Huh HJ, Kang JM, Kim YJ, Yoo KH, Ahn K, Cho HK, Peck KR, Jang JH, Ki CS, Kang ES

PURPOSE: While there is an urgent need for diagnosis and therapeutic intervention in patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs), current genetic tests have drawbacks. We retrospectively reviewed the usefulness of...
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Performance Evaluation of Body Fluid Cellular Analysis Using the Beckman Coulter UniCel DxH 800, Sysmex XN-350, and UF-5000 Automated Cellular Analyzers

Cho J, Oh J, Lee SG, Lee YH, Song J, Kim JH

BACKGROUND: Automated cellular analyzers are expected to improve the analytical performance in body fluid (BF) analysis. We evaluated the analytical performance of three automated cellular analyzers and established optimum reflex...
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The effects of pentoxifylline and tocopherol in jaw osteomyelitis

Seo MH, Eo MY, Myoung H, Kim SM, Lee JH

OBJECTIVES: Pentoxifylline (PTX) is a methylxanthine derivative that has been implicated in the pathogenesis of peripheral vessel disease and intermittent lameness. The purpose of this study was to investigate the...
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Echocardiographic Evaluation of Axial Spondyloarthritis in Korea: Data From the Catholic Axial Spondyloarthritis Cohort

Min HK, Lee J, Ju JH, Kwok SK, Youn HJ, Park SH

OBJECTIVE: Axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is often accompanied by cardiac manifestations, such as valvular heart disease. In this prospective cohort study, we evaluated the incidence of cardiac abnormalities in Korean axSpA...
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Preoperative sterile pyuria as a prognostic biomarker for intravesical recurrence in upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma

Jeon BJ, Tae BS, Choi H, Bae JH, Kim JW, Park HS, Park JY

PURPOSE: To evaluate if preoperative sterile pyuria can be a prognostic factor for intravesical recurrence (IVR) and overall survival (OS)in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) undergoing surgery. MATERIALS AND...
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Selectins: functional importance as cell adhesion molecule in immune system

Noh Y, Cho D, Ko H, Lim D, Chai HH

Selectins are cell membrane glycoproteins that recognize specific glycoconjugates expressed on the surface of cells. Then, selectins adjust cell-cell interactions that are important in inflammation, hemostasis and cancer metastasis. Selectins...
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Inhibition of STAT3 signaling induces apoptosis and suppresses growth of lung cancer: good and bad

Kang JH, Jang YS, Lee HJ, Lee CY, Shin DY, Oh SH

Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) modulates a variety of genes involved in the regulation of critical functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, angiogenesis, metastasis, and immunity. For...
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Leukostasis by hyperleukocytic childhood acute leukemia: pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and emergency care

Nam KL, Baek GY, Jeon IS

Hyperleukocytosis (HL), defined by a peripheral white blood cell (WBC) count exceeding 100,000/mm³, is occasionally observed in childhood acute leukemia. The increased viscosity in the micro-circulation by HL and the...
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Mechanisms and therapeutic targets of ischemic acute kidney injury

Han SJ, Lee HT

Acute kidney injury (AKI) due to renal ischemia reperfusion (IR) is a major clinical problem without effective therapy and is a significant and frequent cause of morbidity and mortality during...
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Delta Neutrophil Index as an Early Marker of Sepsis in Burn Patients

Kim CM, Ha CM

PURPOSE: The immature granulocyte count has been reported to be a marker of infection and sepsis. The difference in leukocyte subfractions (delta neutrophil index, DNI) in ADVIA 2120 reflects the...
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Docosahexaenoic Acid Inhibits Expression of Fibrotic Mediators in Mice With Chronic Pancreatitis

Lee S, Jeong YK, Lim JW, Kim H

BACKGROUND: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is an irreversible progressive disease that destroys exocrine parenchyma, which are replaced by fibrous tissue. As pancreatic fibrosis is a key feature of CP, reducing fibrotic...
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Successful treatment of early acute antibody-mediated rejection in an human leukocyte antigen-incompatible and ABO-incompatible living-donor kidney transplant patient

Gang S, Han A, Min SI, Ha J, Yang J

For successful human leukocyte antigen-incompatible (HLAi) or ABO-incompatible (ABOi) living-donor kidney transplantations (LDKTs), pretransplant desensitization is essential; however, early antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR) remains the most important complication after HLAi or...
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Autoantibody-Mediated Dysfunction of Salivary Glands Leads to Xerostomia in SKG Mice

Choi SS, Jang E, Jang K, Jung SJ, Hwang KG, Youn J

Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a chronic heterogeneous disease that mainly affects exocrine glands, leading to sicca syndromes such as xerostomia. Despite the second highest prevalence rate among systemic autoimmune diseases,...
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Extremely high white blood cell counts on postoperative day 1 do not predict severe complications following distal pancreatectomy

Jung GH, Hwang HK, Lee WJ, Kang CM

BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: Distal pancreatectomy(DP) is associated with high morbidity. In clinical practice, postoperative white blood cell(WBC) counts are useful indicators of infection complications. The aim of this study was to determine...
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The effect of anesthetic techniques on neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio in patients undergoing infraumbilical surgeries

Surhonne N, Hebri C, Kannan S, Duggappa D, RS RR, Mapari CG

BACKGROUND: Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a simple marker in peripheral blood and is used to assess inflammatory response and physiological stress during the peri-operative period. Anesthetic technique may...
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The association between asthma and Kawasaki disease

Choi BS

Kawasaki disease (KD) is a systemic vasculitis and the most common cause of acquired heart disease among preschool-aged children. Asthma is one of the most common chronic illness of childhood....
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