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Injury Characteristics and Predisposing Effects of Various Outdoor Traumatic Situations in Children and Adolescents

Hwang IY, Park J, Park SS, Yang J, Kang MS

Background: Many studies have reported injury characteristics of individual traumatic situations. However, a comparative analysis of specific risks is meaningful to better understand injury characteristics and help establish injury-prevention measures....
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Osteolytic Lesion of the Fibular Head after Cemented Total Knee Arthroplasty

Lee CC, Park KB, Hwang IY, Yang DG

The radiographic findings of an osteolytic lesion in the knee may indicate numerous possible impressions. Furthermore, osteolysis is a possible cause if there is a surgical history of total knee...
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Incidence and Characteristics of Immediate Substitutions of Injured Players in Korean Professional Football League Matches

Park KB, Jung KH, Kim CR, Hwang IY, Jang SM

Purpose: To identify the incidence and characteristics of immediate substitutions of injured players that occurred during Korean professional football league matches. Methods: This study included injuries that resulted in immediate substitutions...
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Does the Use of a Silicone Ring Tourniquet Help Reduce Bleeding in the Minimally Invasive Internal Fixation with Locking Plate for Distal Femoral Fractures?

Park KB, Jin HK, Hwang IY, Chang SW, Na SC

Purpose: This study evaluated the usefulness of a silicone ring tourniquet by analyzing the changes in the perioperative hemoglobin (Hb) levels or amount of perioperative bleeding compared to those of...
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Preoperative vitamin D level does not affect the short-term functional outcome after total knee arthroplasty in elderly women

Hwang IY, Park KB, Chang SW, Cho SD, Youm YS

Background: We aimed to evaluate the effect of vitamin D levels on the functional outcome of elderly women who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods: Seven hundred and four patients (1013...
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Autogenous Bone Grafts versue Metal Cage with Allogenic Bone Grafts for Post-Corpectomy Anterior Column Reconstruction in Patients with Infectious Spondylitis

Cha JR, Hwang IY, Kwon SH, Chung HY

Objective : To evaluate and compare the clinical and radiographic features of 25 patients with infectious spondylitis treated with anterior debridement and reconstruction using autogenous bone grafts vs. a metal...
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Open-Door Laminoplasty Using Lateral Mass Anchoring Screws and Nonabsorbable Sutures in Patients with Multilevel Cervical Myelopathy

Cha JR, Kim HW, Yang DG, Chung HY, Hwang IY

Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of open-door laminoplasty using lateral mass anchoring screws and nonabsorbable sutures (ODLLM) for multilevel cervical myelopathy. Methods: We retrospectively...
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Serotyping and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Salmonella Isolated in Korea in 2015

Kim SH, Park EH, Hwang IY, Lee H, Song SA, Lee M, Lee S, Kim SY, Kim JJ, Shin JH, Hong SG, Shin KS, Kim S, Ryoo NH, Lee W, Jang SJ, Shin JH

BACKGROUND: Salmonella is an important pathogen that causes gastroenteritis and sepsis in humans. Recently, changes in serotype prevalence and an increase in antimicrobial resistance have been reported. This study investigated...
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Outcomes of Non-Operative Management for Pseudarthrosis after Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomies at Minimum 5 Years Follow-Up

Kim YC, Kim KT, Kim CK, Hwang IY, Jin WY, Lenke LG, Cha JR

OBJECTIVE: Minimal data exist regarding non-operative management of suspected pseudarthrosis after pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). This study reports radiographic and clinical outcomes of non-operative management for post-PSO pseudarthrosis at a...
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Antimicrobial Susceptibility and Genetic Analysis of Campylobacter jejuni Isolated from Diarrhea Patients in Busan

Park SH, Kim BJ, Kwon YH, Hwang IY, Sung GH, Park EH, Jin SH

BACKGROUND: Campylobacter jejuni is an important food-borne pathogen that causes human gastroenteritis. This study was conducted to investigate the incidence of isolation, antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, and C. jejuni genotype from...
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Use of a Distraction Dynamic External Fixator in the Treatment of Comminuted Middle Phalanx Base Fractures

Kim SW, Lee CC, Ko SH, Hwang IY, Kim MS, Jin WY

PURPOSE: This paper suggests the use of distraction dynamic external fixators (DDEF) for the treatment of proximal middle phalanx fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven patients, who were diagnosed with comminuted intra-articular...
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Clay-Shoveler's Fracture in an 18-Year-Old Cheerleader: A Case Report

Hwang IY, Park SJ, Cha JR

Clay-Shoveler's fracture refers to a fracture that is solely developed on the spinous process of the cervical spine or the thoracic vertebrae. This fracture rarely occurs during sporting activities. In...
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Differential Diagnosis and Treatment of Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy Mimicking Myelitis in an Adolescent Patient: A Case Report

Hwang IY, Kim YC, Park SJ, Jung SH, Cha JR

STUDY DESIGN: Case report OBJECTIVES: This study introduces an interesting case of adolescent cervical myelopathy with atypical cervical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. A differential diagnosis was made, followed by successful...
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Health Literacy and Its Related Factors in North Korean Refugees

Son YJ, Kim HJ, Jeong HJ, Hwang IY, Kim MY, Lee SH, Park KH, Park KH, Kim CB, Im H, Lee JY

BACKGROUND: In September 2016, the number of North Korean refugees living in South Korea was 29,688. They have been struggling with health problems due to their poor health status and...
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Effects of CYP2C19 Genetic Polymorphisms on PK/PD Responses of Omeprazole in Korean Healthy Volunteers

Park S, Hyun YJ, Kim YR, Lee JH, Ryu S, Kim JM, Oh WY, Na HS, Lee JG, Seo DW, Hwang IY, Park Z, Jang IJ, Oh J, Choi SE

The aim of this study was to examine the effects of CYP2C19*2 and *3 genetic polymorphisms on omeprazole pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) responses. Twenty-four healthy Korean volunteers were enrolled...
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Protective Effects of Cinnamic Acid Derivatives on Gastric Lesion

Lee SY, Hwang IY, Jeong CS

P-methoxycinnamic acid and 3,4,5-trimethoxycinnamic acid are the compounds found in Polygalae Radix, the root of Polygala tenuifolia Willdenow, and have been reported to have hepatoprotective and anti-neurodegenerative effects. On the...
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Ctbp2-mediated β-catenin regulation is required for exit from pluripotency

Kim TW, Kwak S, Shin J, Kang BH, Lee SE, Suh MY, Kim JH, Hwang IY, Lee JH, Choi J, Cho EJ, Youn HD

The canonical Wnt pathway is critical for embryonic stem cell (ESC) pluripotency and aberrant control of β-catenin leads to failure of exit from pluripotency and lineage commitments. Hence, maintaining the...
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Morphometric Differences of Distal Femoral Cut Surface between Korean Male and Female in Total Knee Arthroplasty

Youm YS, Cho SD, Lee SH, Hwang IY, Kang TW

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the morphometric differences of distal femoral cut surface between Korean males and females in total knee arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total...
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Expression of Nestin on Endothelial Cells and Pericytes During Retinal Vascular Development in Mouse

Kim JS, Park SW, Hwang IY, Kim YW, Kim JH, Kim JH

PURPOSE: Nestin, a marker of neural stem cells, is expressed in Müller cells during retinal development. However, the role of nestin in retinal vascular development is not well established. Thus,...
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The Influence of Arthroscopic Remplissage for Engaging Hill-Sachs Lesions Combined with Bankart Repair on Redislocation and Shoulder Function Compared with Bankart Repair Alone

Ko SH, Cha JR, Lee CC, Hwang IY, Choe CG, Kim MS

BACKGROUND: Recurrence of glenohumeral dislocation after arthroscopic Bankart repair can be associated with a large osseous defect in the posterosuperior part of the humeral head. Our hypothesis is that remplissage...
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