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Curcumin Attenuates Acrolein-induced COX-2 Expression and Prostaglandin Production in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells

Lee SE, Park HR, Jeon S, Han D, Park YS

OBJECTIVE: Inflammation is crucial to limiting vascular disease. Previously we reported that acrolein, a known toxin in tobacco smoke, might play an important role in the progression of atherosclerosis via...
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Optimization of Microenvironments Inducing Differentiation of Tonsil-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells into Endothelial Cell-Like Cells

Oh SY, Choi DH, Jin YM, Yu Y, Kim HY, Kim G, Park YS, Jo I

BACKGROUND: Stem cell engineering is appealing consideration for regenerating damaged endothelial cells (ECs) because stem cells can differentiate into EC-like cells. In this study, we demonstrate that tonsil-derived mesenchymal stem...
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Differentiation Capacity of Monocyte-Derived Multipotential Cells on Nanocomposite Poly(e-caprolactone)-Based Thin Films

Koliakou I, Gounari E, Nerantzaki M, Pavlidou E, Bikiaris D, Kaloyianni M, Koliakos G

BACKGROUND: Lonocyte-derived multipotential cells (MOMCs) include progenitors capable of differentiation into multiple cell lineages and thus represent an ideal autologous transplantable cell source for regenerative medicine. In this study, we...
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Involvement of Orai1 in tunicamycin-induced endothelial dysfunction

Yang H, Xue Y, Kuang S, Zhang M, Chen J, Liu L, Shan Z, Lin Q, Li X, Yang M, Zhou H, Rao F, Deng C

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is mediated by disturbance of Ca²⁺ homeostasis. The store-operated calcium (SOC) channel is the primary Ca²⁺ channel in non-excitable cells, but its participation in agent-induced ER...
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Inhibitory Effects of CD99-derived Peptide CD99CRIII3 on the Extravasation of Monocytes and Inflammatory Reactions in Contact Dermatitis Mouse Model

Ju HM, Park KH

Leucocyte extravasation has been known to play an important role in inflammatory reactions including contact dermatitis. Previous studies suggested that CD99 regulates β1 integrin activity and may be a novel...
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Isomangiferin, a Novel Potent Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor 2 Kinase Inhibitor, Suppresses Breast Cancer Growth, Metastasis and Angiogenesis

Wang B, Shen J, Wang Z, Liu J, Ning Z, Hu M

PURPOSE: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signal transduction mainly depends on its binding to VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR-2). VEGF downstream signaling proteins mediate several of its effects in cancer progression,...
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LPS-stimulated Macrophage Activation Affects Endothelial Dysfunction

Baek N, Sim S, Heo KS

Intestinal microbiota is involved in the atherosclerotic process by development of an atheromatous core with foam cells in carotid arteries. It has reported that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Escherichia coli localizes...
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Relationship between Pericytes and Endothelial Cells in Retinal Neovascularization: A Histological and Immunofluorescent Study of Retinal Angiogenesis

Choi SH, Chung M, Park SW, Jeon NL, Kim JH, Yu YS

PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between pericytes and endothelial cells in retinal neovascularization through histological and immunofluorescent studies. METHODS: C57BL/6J mice were exposed to hyperoxia from postnatal day (P) 7 to...
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Proangiogenic functions of an RGD-SLAY-containing osteopontin icosamer peptide in HUVECs and in the postischemic brain

Lee H, Jin YC, Kim SW, Kim ID, Lee HK, Lee JK

Osteopontin (OPN) is a phosphorylated glycoprotein secreted into body fluids by various cell types. OPN contains arginine-glycine-aspartate (RGD) and serine-leucine-alanine-tyrosine (SLAY) motifs that bind to several integrins and mediate a...
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Protective Effect of Allium tuberosum Extract on Vascular Inflammation in Tumor Necrosis Factor-α-induced Human Vascular Endothelial Cells

Hur HJ, Lee AS

BACKGROUND: Endothelial adhesion molecule expression induced by pro-inflammatory cytokine plays an important role in vascular endothelial cell injury, leading to vascular disease. Allium tuberosum (AT), which is used as a...
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Tanshinone IIA Protects Endothelial Cells from Hâ‚‚Oâ‚‚-Induced Injuries via PXR Activation

Zhu H, Chen Z, Ma Z, Tan H, Xiao C, Tang X, Zhang B, Wang Y, Gao Y

Tanshinone IIA (Tan IIA) is a pharmacologically active substance extracted from the rhizome of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (also known as the Chinese herb Danshen), and is widely used to treat...
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A calpain inhibitor protects against fractalkine production in lipopolysaccharide-treated endothelial cells

Jang J, Yoon Y, Oh DJ

BACKGROUND: Fractalkine (CX3CL1) is a chemokine with a unique CX3C motif and is produced by endothelial cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1, and interferon-γ. There...
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Inhibition of Lipopolysaccharide-stimulated Inflammatory Cytokine Production by LY303511 in Human Macrophagic THP-1 Cells

Kim SH, Paek YW, Kang IC

We have previously shown that the specific phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor LY294002 (LY29), and its inactive analog LY303511 (LY30), inhibit a monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) expression in human umbilical vein endothelial...
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Angiogenesis in newly regenerated bone by secretomes of human mesenchymal stem cells

Katagiri W, Kawai T, Osugi M, Sugimura-Wakayama Y, Sakaguchi , Kojima T, Kobayashi

BACKGROUND: For an effective bone graft for reconstruction of the maxillofacial region, an adequate vascular network will be required to supply blood, osteoprogenitor cells, and growth factors. We previously reported...
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Hypericin, a Naphthodianthrone Derivative, Prevents Methylglyoxal-Induced Human Endothelial Cell Dysfunction

Do MH, Kim SY

Methylglyoxal (MGO) is a highly reactive metabolite of glucose which is known to cause damage and induce apoptosis in endothelial cells. Endothelial cell damage is implicated in the progression of...
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Maximization of Extracted Condition of Pro-angiogenic Components in Citrus unshiu Peels using Dimethyl Sulfoxide

Lee J, Kim M, Kim JH

Aqueous extraction of Citrus unshiu peels (AECUP) is mainly comprised with pro-angiogenichesperidin and narirutin. In this study, we report approaches to increasing the yields of extracted hesperidin and narirutinfrom Citrus...
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Arginase Inhibition Restores Peroxynitrite-Induced Endothelial Dysfunction via L-Arginine-Dependent Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase Phosphorylation

Nguyen MC, Park JT, Jeon YG, Jeon BH, Hoe KL, Kim YM, Lim HK, Ryoo S

PURPOSE: Peroxynitrite plays a critical role in vascular pathophysiology by increasing arginase activity and decreasing endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity. Therefore, the aims of this study were to investigate...
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Decreased C-reactive protein induces abnormal vascular structure in a rat model of liver dysfunction induced by bile duct ligation

Jun JH, Choi JH, Bae SH, Oh SH, Kim GJ

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chronic liver disease leads to liver fibrosis, and although the liver does have a certain regenerative capacity, this disease is associated with dysfunction of the liver vessels. C-reactive protein...
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Nafamostat mesilate promotes endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation via the Akt-eNOS dependent pathway

Choi S, Kwon HJ, Song HJ, Choi SW, Nagar H, Piao S, Jung SB, Jeon BH, Kim DW, Kim CS

Nafamostat mesilate (NM), a synthetic serine protease inhibitor, has anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory properties. The intracellular mediator and external anti-inflammatory external signal in the vascular wall have been reported to protect...
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Cryptotanshinone inhibits TNF-α-induced LOX-1 expression by suppressing reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation in endothelial cells

Ran X, Zhao W, Li W, Shi J, Chen X

Cryptotanshinone (CPT) is a natural compound isolated from traditional Chinese medicine Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge. In the present study, the regulatory effect and potential mechanisms of CPT on tumor necrosis factor...
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