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Increased Signal in the Superior Cerebellar Peduncle of Patients with Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

Kataoka H, Nishimori , Kiriyama T, Nanaura H, Izumi T, Eura N, Iwasa N, Sugie K

OBJECTIVE: The provisional diagnosis of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) depends on a combination of typical clinical features and specific MRI findings, such as atrophy of the tegmentum in the midbrain....
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Re-transmissibility of mouse-adapted ME7 scrapie strain to ovine PrP transgenic mice

Babalola J, Kim JM, Lee YJ, Park JH, Choi HS, Choi YG, Choi EK, Kim YS

Scrapie is a mammalian transmissible spongiform encephalopathy or prion disease that predominantly affects sheep and goats. Scrapie has been shown to overcome the species barrier via experimental infection of other...
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Pre-treated Populus tomentiglandulosa extract inhibits neuronal loss and alleviates gliosis in the gerbil hippocampal CA1 area induced by transient global cerebral ischemia

Park JH, Lee TK, Ahn JH, Shin BN, Cho JH, Kim IH, Lee JC, Kim JD, Lee YJ, Kang IJ, Hong S, Kim YH, Jeon YH, Lee YL, Won MH

The genus Populus (poplar) belonging to the Salicaceae family has been used in traditional medicine, and its several species show various pharmacological properties including antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. No study...
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Functional Characterization of Resting and Adenovirus-Induced Reactive Astrocytes in Three-Dimensional Culture

Woo J, Im SK, Chun H, Jung SY, Oh SJ, Choi N, Lee CJ, Hur EM

Brain is a rich environment where neurons and glia interact with neighboring cells as well as extracellular matrix in three-dimensional (3D) space. Astrocytes, which are the most abundant cells in...
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An Experimental Infarct Targeting the Internal Capsule: Histopathological and Ultrastructural Changes

Han CW, Lee KH, Noh MG, Kim JM, Kim HS, Kim HS, Kim RG, Cho J, Kim HI, Lee MC

BACKGROUND: Stroke involving the cerebral white matter (WM) has increased in prevalence, but most experimental studies have focused on ischemic injury of the gray matter. This study was performed to...
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Nestin Expression in the Adult Mouse Retina with Pharmaceutically Induced Retinal Degeneration

Moon CH, Cho H, Kim YK, Park TK

The present study investigated the temporal pattern and cellular localization of nestin in the adult mouse retina with pharmaceutically induced retinal degeneration using N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU). After a single intraperitoneal injection...
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Protective effect of rosemary on acrylamide motor neurotoxicity in spinal cord of rat offspring: postnatal follow-up study

Al-Gholam , Nooh HZ, El-Mehi AE, El-Barbary AEM, Fokar AZ

The direct interactive effects of rosemary and acrylamide on the development of motor neurons in the spinal cord remains unknown. Our goal is to confirm the protective effects of rosemary...
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Time Course and Characteristics of Astrocyte Activation in the Rat Brain after Injury

Lee HH, Park SC, Choe IS, Kim Y, Ha YS

OBJECTIVE: After injury to the central nervous system (CNS), glial scar tissue is formed in the process of wound healing. This can be is a clinical problem because it interferes...
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Cognitive Dysfunction and Hippocampal Damage Induced by Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury and Prolonged Febrile Convulsions in Immature Rats

Byeon JH, Kim GH, Kim JY, Sun W, Kim H, Eun BL

OBJECTIVE: Perinatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) and prolonged febrile seizures (pFS) are common neurologic problems that occur during childhood. However, there is insufficient evidence from experimental studies to conclude that pFS...
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Lacunar Infarction and Small Vessel Disease: Pathology and Pathophysiology

Caplan LR

Two major vascular pathologies underlie brain damage in patients with disease of small size penetrating brain arteries and arterioles; 1) thickening of the arterial media and 2) obstruction of the...
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Accelerated and Exacerbated Effects of High Dietary Fat on Neuronal Damage Induced by Transient Cerebral Ischemia in the Gerbil Septum

Cheon SH, Yan BC, Chen BH, Park JH, Ahn JH, Kim IH, Lee JC, Park YS, Kim MJ, Lee YL, Cho JH, Won MH

BACKGROUND: Obesity induced by high-fat diet (HFD) is one of the most widespread metabolic disorders in current society. However, there has been little research regarding the effects of HFD-induced obesity...
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Mesenchymal stem cells transplantation for neuroprotection in preterm infants with severe intraventricular hemorrhage

Ahn SY, Chang YS, Park WS

Severe intraventricular hemorrhaging (IVH) in premature infants and subsequent posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) causes significant mortality and life-long neurological complications, including seizures, cerebral palsy, and developmental retardation. However, there are currently...
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Absence of Delayed Neuronal Death in ATP-Injected Brain: Possible Roles of Astrogliosis

Jeong HK, Jou I, Joe EH

Although secondary delayed neuronal death has been considered as a therapeutic target to minimize brain damage induced by several injuries, delayed neuronal death does not occur always. In this study,...
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Measles Viral Infection in PD-1 Gene Knockout Mice

Chun JK, Kim KY, Hur JA, Kang DW, Kim KH, Kim DS

  • KMID: 2279038
  • Korean J Pediatr Infect Dis.
  • 2013 Dec;20(3):123-130.
PURPOSE: Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) is a neurodegerative disease due to persistent measles virus infection. We investigated the role of programmed death-1 (PD-1) molecule which is related with chronic viral...
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Systemic administration of low dosage of tetanus toxin decreases cell proliferation and neuroblast differentiation in the mouse hippocampal dentate gyrus

Yan BC, Kim IH, Park JH, Ahn JH, Cho JH, Chen BH, Lee JC, Choi JH, Yoo KY, Lee CH, Cho JH, Kim JD, Won MH

  • KMID: 2312107
  • Lab Anim Res.
  • 2013 Sep;29(3):148-155.
In the present study, we investigated the effect of Tetaus toxin (TeT) on cell proliferation and neuroblast differentiation using specific markers: 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) as an exogenous marker for cell proliferation,...
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Glycyrrhizin Attenuates Kainic Acid-Induced Neuronal Cell Death in the Mouse Hippocampus

Luo L, Jin Y, Kim ID, Lee JK

Glycyrrhizin (GL), a triterpene that is present in the roots and rhizomes of licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra), has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and anti-viral effects. Recently, we demonstrated that GL...
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Effects of high-fat diet on the numerical density and number of neuronal cells and the volume of the mouse hypothalamus: a stereological study

Namavar MR, Raminfard , Jahromi ZV, Azari H

It has been demonstrated that the type of diet affects the brain structure and function. Consumption of fat-rich food is one of the most important factors that lead to increase...
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Comparison of alpha-synuclein immunoreactivity in the spinal cord between the adult and aged beagle dog

Ahn JH, Choi JH, Park JH, Yan BC, Kim IH, Lee JC, Lee DH, Kim JS, Shin HC, Won MH

Alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) is a presynaptic protein that is richly expressed in the central and peripheral nervous systems of mammals, and it is related to the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease and...
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An Autopsy Case of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis with Neuroinflammatory change

Ha SH, Baek W, Kim HY, Noh MY, Hwang SJ, Kim SH

  • KMID: 1966509
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 2012 May;30(2):128-131.
Neuroinflammation such as reactive gliosis and microglial activations are important pathological findings of ALS. We present a first autopsy case of ALS in Korea related with neuroinflammatory change. A 67-year-old...
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Cronobacter sakazakii Infection Induced Fatal Clinical Sequels Including Meningitis in Neonatal ICR Mice

Lee HA, Hong S, Park H, Kim H, Kim O

  • KMID: 2391860
  • Lab Anim Res.
  • 2011 Mar;27(1):59-62.
Cronobacter sakazakii (C. sakazakii), formerly Enterobacter sakazakii, is an emerging pathogen associated with the ingestion of contaminated reconstituted formula that causes serious illnesses such as bacteremia, septicemia, necrotizing enterocolitis, meningitis...
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