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Combination Assessment of Clinical Complete Response of Patients With Rectal Cancer Following Chemoradiotherapy With Endoscopy and Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Ko HM, Choi YH, Lee JE, Lee KH, Kim JY, Kim JS

PURPOSE: The response to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for rectal cancer can be assessed using digital rectal examination, endoscopy and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Precise assessment of clinical complete response (CR)...
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Machine Learning Approaches for the Prediction of Prostate Cancer according to Age and the Prostate-Specific Antigen Level

Lee J, Yang SW, Lee S, Hyon YK, Kim J, Jin L, Lee JY, Park JM, Ha T, Shin JH, Lim JS, Na YG, Song KH

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the applicability of machine learning methods that combine data on age and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels for predicting prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND...
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Nationwide Survey for Application of ROME IV Criteria and Clinical Practice for Functional Constipation in Children

Jang HJ, Chung JY, Seo JH, Moon JS, Choe BH, Shim JO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the awareness and application of ROME IV criteria for functional constipation (FC) in real-world practices and assessed differences between pediatric gastroenterologists (PGs) and general...
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For Physicians Managing Voiding Dysfunction, Improving the Detection Rate of Early Prostate Cancer and Discrimination From Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, in a Molecular Biomarker Aspects

Kim WT, Yun SJ, Kim WJ

Prostate cancer (CaP) is the most common cancer diagnosed among men in the United States and the fifth most common cancer among men in Korea. Unfortunately, the early stages of...
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Variation in the Height of Rectal Cancers According to the Diagnostic Modalities

Yeom SS, Park IJ, Yang DH, Lee JL, Yoon YS, Kim CW, Lim SB, Park SH, Kim HJ, Yu CS, Kim JC

PURPOSE: Although the height of a rectal tumor above the anal verge (tumor height) partly determines the treatment strategy, no practical standard exists for reporting this. We aimed to demonstrate...
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Chronic Functional Constipation

Shin JE, Park KS, Nam K

Constipation is a common functional problem of the digestive system and may occur secondary to diet, drugs, endocrine diseases, metabolic diseases, neurological diseases, psychiatric disorders, or gastrointestinal obstruction. When there...
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Update on the Pathophysiology and Management of Anorectal Disorders

Patcharatrakul T, Rao SS

Anorectal disorders are common and present with overlapping symptoms. They include several disorders with both structural and functional dysfunction(s). Because symptoms alone are poor predictors of the underlying pathophysiology, a...
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The Role of Preoperative Puborectal Muscle Function Assessed by Transperineal Ultrasound in Urinary Continence Outcomes at 3, 6, and 12 Months After Robotic-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy

Neumann PB, O'Callaghan M

PURPOSE: The efficacy of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) for men with postprostatectomy incontinence (PPI) after robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) is controversial and the mechanism for its possible effect remains...
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Initial Experience of Transperineal Biopsy After Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Korea; Comparison With Transrectal Biopsy

Yoon SG, Jin HJ, Tae JH, No TI, Kim JY, Pyun JH, Shim JS, Kang SG, Cheon J, Lee JG, Kim JJ, Sung DJ, Lee KH, Kang SH

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to confirm the detection rate of transperineal biopsy after multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and compared it to that of transrectal biopsy. We...
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Initial Experience With Transurethral Enucleation With Bipolar Energy for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Kim DY, Park DH, Hwang CH, Lee JB, Yoon JH, Jeong TW, Na W

BACKGROUND: This retrospective study examined the safety and efficacy of transurethral enucleation with bipolar energy (TUEB) for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), based on initial experiences. METHODS: In this study, 2 surgeons...
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Extended use of Prostate Health Index and percentage of [-2]pro-prostate-specific antigen in Chinese men with prostate specific antigen 10–20 ng/mL and normal digital rectal examination

Chiu PK, Teoh JY, Lee WM, Yee CH, Chan ES, Hou SM, Ng CF

PURPOSE: We investigated the extended use of Prostate Health Index (PHI) and percentage of [-2]pro-prostate-specific antigen (%p2PSA) in Chinese men with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) 10–20 ng/mL and normal digital rectal...
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Diagnosis and Treatment of Dyssynergic Defecation

Rao SS, Patcharatrakul T

  • KMID: 2327947
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2016 Jul;22(3):423-435.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm16060
Dyssynergic defecation is common and affects up to one half of patients with chronic constipation. This acquired behavioral problem is due to the inability to coordinate the abdominal and pelvic...
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Rectal Injury Associated with Pelvic Fracture

Gwak J, Lee MA, Yu B, Choi KK

Rectal injury is seen in 1-2% of all pelvic fractures, and lower urinary tract injury occurs in up to 7%. These injuries are rare, but if missed, can lead to...
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The Effect of Intrarectal Lidocaine Gel Instillation before Transrectal Ultrasound Guided Prostate Biopsy

Kim YS, Kim SK, Choi K, Cho IC, Min SK

PURPOSE: To compare pain induced by a transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy in men between using local lidocaine gel or plain lubricant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January and October of 2014,...
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Can Prostate-Specific Antigen Kinetics before Prostate Biopsy Predict the Malignant Potential of Prostate Cancer?

Kim SJ, Jeong TY, Yoo DS, Park J, Cho S, Kang SH, Lee SH, Jeon SH, Lee TY, Park SY

PURPOSE: To predict the malignant potential of prostate cancer (PCa) according to prostate-specific antigen velocity (PSAV), PSA density (PSAD), free/total PSA ratio (%fPSA), and digital rectal examination (DRE). MATERIALS AND METHODS:...
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Benign prostate hyperplasia

Kim HJ

The rapid aging of the world population is major global demographic trend. The number of people with age-related disease has increased substantially due to increased life expectancy in the general...
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The Study About Physical Activity for Subjects With Prevention of Benign Prostate Hyperplasia

Lee HW, Kim SA, Nam JW, Kim MK, Choi BY, Moon HS

PURPOSE: The number of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) subjects has been increasing worldwide, and many studies have been conducted to determine the treatment that can delay drug therapy or surgery....
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Efficacy of Repeated Transrectal Prostate Biopsy in Men Younger Than 50 Years With an Elevated Prostate-Specific Antigen Concentration (>3.0 ng/mL): Risks and Benefits Based on Biopsy Results and Follow-up Status

Park HG, Ko OS, Kim YG, Park JK

PURPOSE: Prostate cancer is rare in men younger than 50 years. Digital rectal examination (DRE) and measurement of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) concentrations are standard screening methods for detecting prostate cancer....
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Detection Rate of Prostate Cancer on the Basis of the Vienna Nomogram: A Singapore Study

Teo JK, Poh BK, Ng FC, Fong YK

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of the Vienna nomogram prostate biopsy model in the detection of prostate cancer in our local population. We also...
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Factors Affecting Trial Without Catheter for First Spontaneous Acute Urinary Retention

Mahadik P, Vaddi SP, Godala CM, Reddy VV, Sambar VK

  • KMID: 2232885
  • Int Neurourol J.
  • 2013 Sep;17(3):121-126.
PURPOSE: To find the association of trial without catheter (TWOC) outcome for first spontaneous acute urinary retention (AUR) in benign prostatic obstruction with age, prior lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS),...
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