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Association of vitamin D deficiency with clinical outcomes in critically ill Korean children

Jhang WK, Kim DH, Park SJ

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D is a pleiotropic hormone that affects various body organ systems. We evaluated the prevalence of a vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and its potential role in the clinical...
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The effect of high fat dietary modification and nutritional status on the outcome of critically ill ventilated children: single-center study

El Koofy N, Rady HI, Abdallah S, Bazaraa HM, Rabie WA, El-Ayadi A

BACKGROUND: Ventilator dependency constitutes a major problem in the intensive care setting. Malnutrition is considered a major determinant of extubation failure, however, attention has been attracted to modulating carbon dioxide...
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Prognostic Value of Serum Procalcitonin level for the Diagnosis of Bacterial Infections in Critically-ill Patients

So-Ngern A, Leelasupasri S, Chulavatnatol S, Pummangura C, Bunupuradah P, Montakantikul P

BACKGROUND: Procalcitonin (PCT) is a diagnostic biomarker for bacterial infections in critically-ill patients. However, the cut-off value of PCT for the diagnosis of bacterial infections is unclear and unreliable. This...
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Effect of Institutional Case Volume on In-Hospital and Long-Term Mortality in Critically Ill Patients Requiring Mechanical Ventilation for 48 Hours or More

Lee H, Choi S, Jang EJ, Lee J, Kim D, Yoo S, Oh SY, Ryu HG

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether institutional case volume affects clinical outcomes in patients receiving mechanical ventilation for 48 hours or more. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide...
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Withdrawal of life-prolonging medical care and hospice-palliative care

Lee MA

Hospice and palliative care can help terminal patients and their family members to face the natural end of life more comfortably, by providing them with an environment to address psychosocial...
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Ethical and legal consideration on medical realities and ethical debates about withholding or withdrawing treatment in end-of-life care

Kim MH, Baik S

It is natural for all human beings to die; hence, death is an inevitable event. However, advances in medical technology are changing the meaning of natural death. These advanced treatments...
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Recurrence of Minimal Change Disease Following a Motor Vehicle Trauma: An Atypical Cause and Review of Literature

Depa J, Coritsidis G

Minimal change disease (MCD) in children has a favorable long-term prognosis, and development of end-stage renal disease is very uncommon; less than 5%. In the first case of its kind,...
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Clinical Effects of Intra-Abdominal Pressure in Critically Ill Trauma Patients

Ryu DY, Kim H, Seok JP, Lee CK, Yeo KH, Choi SU, Kim JH, Cho HM

PURPOSE: There is increasing interest in intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) and intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) in critically ill patients. This study investigated the effects and outcomes of elevated IAP in a trauma...
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Validation of Voriconazole Therapeutic Drug Monitoring in Lung Transplant Recipients Receiving Voriconazole alone for Treatment of Invasive Aspergillosis

Son YJ, Lee KA, Jo JH, Kim JS, Son ES, Park MS

BACKGROUND: Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is associated with high morbidity and mortality, particularly among immunocompromised patients, such as lung transplant recipients. Voriconazole, the first-line therapy for IA, shows a non-linear pharmacokinetic...
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Prevention and management of delirium in critically ill adult patients in the intensive care unit: a review based on the 2018 PADIS guidelines

Park SY, Lee HB

Delirium is an acute, confusional state characterized by altered consciousness and a reduced ability to focus, sustain, or shift attention. It is associated with a number of complex underlying medical...
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Clinical Characteristics of Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter in Critically Ill Patients

Kim HJ, Jung CY, Bae JM

PURPOSE: Ensuring the stability of central venous catheter placement for treating patients hospitalized in an intensive care unit is very important. Although PICC requires an ultrasound and fluoroscopy machine, it...
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Analysis of the characteristics of unplanned admission to the intensive care unit after general surgery

Kim J, Kim YD, Lee DR, Kim KM, Lee WY, Lee S

BACKGROUND: Unplanned intensive care unit admission (UIA) is associated with perioperative morbidity and mortality, and can be used as a surrogate marker for patient safety. This study aimed to compare...
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Effects of Oral Care Using Chlorhexidine Gluconate on Ventilator-associated Pneumonia and Mortality: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Kim NY, Ryu S, Kim YH

PURPOSE: This review aimed to determine the effectiveness of oral care using Chlorhexidine Gluconate (CHX) in Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP) in the intensive care unit. METHODS: An electronic databases search was conducted...
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Procalcitonin to Guide Antibiotic Therapy for Critically Ill Patients in Korea

Park SY

No abstract available.
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Procalcitonin-Guided Treatment on Duration of Antibiotic Therapy and Cost in Septic Patients (PRODA): a Multi-Center Randomized Controlled Trial

Jeon K, Suh JK, Jang EJ, Cho S, Ryu HG, Na S, Hong SB, Lee HJ, Kim JY, Lee SM

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to establish the efficacy and safety of procalcitonin (PCT)-guided antibiotic discontinuation in critically ill patients with sepsis in a country with a high...
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Predicting the Outcome of Critically Ill Children and Adolescents with Electroencephalography

Lee S, Ko A, Sol IS, Kim KW, Kang HC, Lee JS, Kim HD, Kim SH

PURPOSE: Electroencephalography (EEG) is an effective test in predicting severe cortical dysfunction associated with poor outcomes in adult patients, but its value in pediatric patients remains incomplete. Here, we assessed...
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Efficacy of quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment with lactate concentration for predicting mortality in patients with community-acquired pneumonia in the emergency department

Song H, Moon HG, Kim SH

OBJECTIVE: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a major cause of sepsis, and sepsis-related acute organ dysfunction affects patient mortality. Although the quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) is a new screening...
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Secondary Sclerosing Cholangitis in Critically Ill Patients

Park N, Paik WH

No abstract available.
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Prognostic Value of Admission Blood Glucose Level in Critically Ill Patients Admitted to Cardiac Intensive Care Unit according to the Presence or Absence of Diabetes Mellitus

Kim S, Na SJ, Park TK, Lee JM, Song YB, Choi JO, Hahn JY, Choi JH, Choi SH, Gwon HC, Chung CR, Jeon K, Suh GY, Yang JH

BACKGROUND: Admission blood glucose (BG) level is a predictor of mortality in critically ill patients with various conditions. However, limited data are available regarding this relationship in critically ill patients...
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Prognostic Implication of Adrenocortical Response during the Course of Critical Illness

Song JH, Kim JH, Lee SM, Lee J

BACKGROUND: Critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency (CIRCI) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-cortisol dissociation are hormonal conditions frequently observed in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). The aim of this study was...
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