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Clinical Outcomes of Small Incision Lenticule Extraction in Myopia: Study of Vector Parameters and Corneal Aberrations

Kwak JJ, Jun I, Kim EK, Seo KY, Kim TI

PURPOSE: To investigate clinical outcomes of small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) including vector parameters and corneal aberrations in myopic patients. METHODS: This retrospective, observational case series included 57 eyes (29 patients)...
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Zolpidem Detection and Blood Level in Acute Poisoning-suspected Patients in Emergency Departments: Review of 229 Cases

Yu J, Chang H, Won S, Yeom J, Lee A, Park NY, Oh BJ

PURPOSE: Non-benzodiazepine hypnotic drugs (including zolpidem) are associated with an increased risk of suicide and suicidal ideation. Considering the wide usage of zolpidem, this drug should be considered a possible...
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Comparison of Penetrating and Blunt Traumatic Diaphragmatic Injuries

Lee SS, Hyun SY, Yang HJ, Lim YS, Cho JS, Woo JH

PURPOSE: Traumatic diaphragmatic injury (TDI) is no longer considered to be a rare condition in Korea. This study investigated differences in the prevalence of accompanying injuries and the prognosis in...
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Use of amplitude-integrated electroencephalography in decision-making for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in comatose cardiac arrest patients whose eventual neurologic recovery is uncertain

Lee BK, Jeung KW, Lee DH, Cho YS, Jung YH

Comatose cardiac arrest patients frequently experience cardiogenic shock or recurrent arrest. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can be used to salvage patients with cardiogenic shock or cardiac arrest refractory to conventional...
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Severe Hypophosphatemia-Induced Acute Toxic-Metabolic Encephalopathy in Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy

Han SA, Park HY, Kim HW, Choi JI, Kang DY, Kim HL, Chung JH, Shin BC

Acute toxic-metabolic encephalopathy (TME) is an acute condition of global cerebral dysfunction in the absence of primary structural brain disease. Severe hypophosphatemia leads to muscle weakness and involves the diaphragm...
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Utility of white matter to gray matter signal intensity ratio in comatose patients treated by targeted temperature management after cardiac arrest: a preliminary study

Keum KT, Kim YH, Hwang SY, Lee JH, Lee DW, Song YG, Lee JH, Lee KY

OBJECTIVE: This study examined the efficacy of the white matter (WM) to gray matter (GM) signal intensity ratio (SIR) in predicting the clinical prognosis of cardiac arrest patients. METHODS: Thirty-one patients...
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Delayed Operation of Acute Subdural Hematoma in Subacute Stage by Trephine Drainage using Urokinase

Kang HG, Cho KY, Lee RS, Lim JS

OBJECTIVE: The principle operation of acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) is a craniotomy with hematoma removal, but a trephination with hematoma evacuation may be another method in selected cases. Trephine drainage...
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Comparison of Corneal Astigmatism and Higher-order Aberrations between Color Light-emitting Diode Topographer and Scheimpflug Imager

Kim DY, Ha M, Yi R, Kim HW, Chung SH

PURPOSE: To compare corneal astigmatism, keratometry and corneal higher order aberrations between the light emitting diode corneal topography analyzer and Scheimpflug Imager. METHODS: This prospective study involved 45 patients (45 eyes)...
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Trends in Hyperglycemic Crisis Hospitalizations and in- and out-of-Hospital Mortality in the Last Decade Based on Korean National Health Insurance Claims Data

You JH, Song SO, Park SH, Park KH, Nam JY, Kim DW, Kim HM, Kim DJ, Lee YH, Lee BW

BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemic crisis is a metabolic emergency associated with diabetes mellitus. However, accurate epidemiologic information on cases of hyperglycemic crisis in Korea remains scarce. We evaluated trends in hyperglycemic crisis...
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Validation of the Japanese Version of the Quality of Life after Brain Injury (QOLIBRI) Scale

Suzuki M, Naito M, Ota K, von Wild K, Saitoh E, Kondo I

The goal of the present study was to test the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Quality of Life after Brain Injury (QOLIBRI) scale. Correlations between the...
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A case of Wernicke's encephalopathy following complicated laparoscopic pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy

Kim JS, Rho SY, Hwang HK, Lee WJ, Kang CM

Laparoscopic pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD)/pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is cautiously regarded as a safe and effective approach in well-selected patients with periampullary cancer. However, postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF), delayed gastric emptying (DGE), postoperative...
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Comparison of the Surgical Approaches for Frontal Traumatic Intracerebral Hemorrhage

Park ES, Moon SK, Eom KS

PURPOSE: Recent developments in minimally invasive techniques have the potential to reduce surgical morbidity, promote patient recovery, accelerate surgical procedures, and thus improve cost-effectiveness in case management. In this study,...
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New prehospital scoring system for traumatic brain injury to predict mortality and severe disability using motor Glasgow Coma Scale, hypotension, and hypoxia: a nationwide observational study

Gang MC, Hong KJ, Shin SD, Song KJ, Ro YS, Kim TH, Park JH, Jeong J

OBJECTIVE: Assessing the severity of injury and predicting outcomes are essential in traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the respiratory rate and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of the Revised Trauma Score...
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Generalized periodic discharges with triphasic morphology

Hartshorn , Foreman B

Generalized periodic discharges (GPDs) with triphasic morphology are an electroencephalographic (EEG) pattern traditionally associated with encephalopathy and coma, although they have been observed in a wide array of neurological disorders....
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A Study of Predicting the Severity Following Glufosinate Ammonium Containing Herbicide Poisoning Experienced in Single Emergency Medical Institution

Lee DS, Choi KH

PURPOSE: Owing to the increased agricultural use of the herbicide glufosinate ammonium (GLA), the incidence of GLA poisoning has recently increased. Therefore, we investigated the possible predictive factors associated with...
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Spontaneous Repetitive Constriction and Dilatation of a Unilateral Pupil in a Brain Death Patient

Chun MY, Park J, Lee SY, Lee CY, Lee SA, Lee EH, Lee SH, Chang Y, Park KD, Song TJ

In brain death state, bilateral pupil light reflexes are disappeared, and pupils are fixed with dilated. However, spontaneous movements such as ocular microtremor or bilateral cyclical constriction-dilatation of pupils have...
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Correlation Between Vanishing White Matter Disease and Novel Heterozygous EIF2B3 Variants Using Next-Generation Sequencing: A Case Report

Hyun SE, Choi BS, Jang JH, Jeon I, Jang DH, Ryu JS

Vanishing white matter (VWM) disease is an autosomal recessive disorder that affects the central nervous system of a patient, and is caused by the development of pathogenic mutations in any...
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Evaluating traumatic brain injury using conventional magnetic resonance imaging and susceptibility-weighted imaging in dogs

Noh D, Choi S, Choi H, Lee Y, Lee K

Susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) is a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequence used for evaluating traumatic brain injury (TBI). Although SWI is being increasingly used in veterinary medicine, there are no systematic...
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The Risk Factors and Clinical Features of Posttraumatic Seizure in Preschool-Aged Children

Shin T, Oh K, Cha BH

PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the clinical characteristics and risk factors of post-traumatic seizure (PTS) in preschool-aged children. METHODS: This study is based on a retrospective electronic medical record review...
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Epidemiology and Outcomes of Traumatic Brain Injury in Elderly Population : A Multicenter Analysis Using Korean Neuro-Trauma Data Bank System 2010–2014

Eom KS, KNTDB Investigators

OBJECTIVE: Although traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs in people of all age groups, the elderly population is at a particular risk. The proportion of elderly population in the society is...
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