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In Vitro Synergistic Effects of Antimicrobial Combinations on Extensively Drug-Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii Isolates

Lee H, Roh KH, Hong SG, Shin HB, Jeong SH, Song W, Uh Y, Yong D, Lee K

BACKGROUND: Extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii are a threat to hospitalized patients. We evaluated the effects of antimicrobial combinations on XDR P. aeruginosa and A. baumannii isolates. METHODS:...
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Elucidating the role of ApxI in hemolysis and cellular damage by using a novel apxIA mutant of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 10

Chang NY, Chen ZW, Chen TH, Liao JW, Lin CC, Chien MS, Lee WC, Lin JH, Hsuan SL

Exotoxins produced by Actinobacillus (A.) pleuropneumoniae (Apx) play major roles in the pathogenesis of pleuropneumonia in swine. This study investigated the role of ApxI in hemolysis and cellular damage using...
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Recent Trends of Antigenic Variation in Bordetella pertussis Isolates in Korea

Kim SH, Lee J, Sung HY, Yu JY, Kim SH, Park MS, Jung SO

Pertussis is a representative vaccine-preventable disease. However, there have been recent outbreaks in countries where even higher vaccination against the disease. One reason is the emergence of antigenic variants, which...
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Prevalence and risk factors for carriage of multi-drug resistant Staphylococci in healthy cats and dogs

Gandolfi-Decristophoris P, Regula G, Petrini O, Zinsstag J, Schelling

We investigated the distribution of commensal staphylococcal species and determined the prevalence of multi-drug resistance in healthy cats and dogs. Risk factors associated with the carriage of multi-drug resistant strains...
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Chemopreventive and metabolic effects of inulin on colon cancer development

Hijova E, Szabadosova V, Stofilova , Hrckova G

Prebiotics modulate microbial composition and ensure a healthy gastrointestinal tract environment that can prevent colon cancer development. These natural dietary compounds are therefore potential chemopreventive agents. Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats (4...
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Quinolone-resistant Shigella flexneri Isolated in a Patient Who Travelled to India

Jeon YL, Nam YS, Lim G, Cho SY, Kim YT, Jang JH, Kim J, Park M, Lee HJ

We report a recent case in which ciprofloxacin-resistant Shigella flexneri was isolated from a 23-yr-old female patient with a history of travel to India. Prior to her admission to our...
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Pathotyping avian pathogenic Escherichia coli strains in Korea

Jeong YW, Kim TE, Kim JH, Kwon HJ

To examine the genetic background of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) that affects virulence of this microorganism, we characterized the virulence genes of 101 APEC strains isolated from infected chickens...
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Emergence of Clostridium difficile Ribotype 027 in Korea

Kim H, Lee Y, Moon HW, Lim CS, Lee K, Chong Y

BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has markedly risen and is associated with hypervirulent ribotype 027 outbreaks in North America and Europe since 2003. The aims of this study were to...
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Genotypic characterization of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from bovines, humans, and food in Indonesia

Salasia SI, Tato S, Sugiyono N, Ariyanti D, Prabawati

The present study determined the genetic relationships between 41 Staphyloccocus (S.) aureus isolates from bovines, humans, and food using a single enzyme amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) technique. We evaluated...
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The First Case of Catheter-related Bloodstream Infection Caused by Nocardia farcinica

Heo ST, Ko KS, Kwon KT, Ryu SY, Bae IG, Oh WS, Song JH, Peck KR

Nocardia farcinica is an emerging pathogen in immunocompromised hosts. Even though several species of Nocardia have been reported as causative pathogens of catheter-related blood stream infections (CRBSI), CRBSI caused by...
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