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Guidelines for Transrectal Ultrasonography-Guided Prostate Biopsy: Korean Society of Urogenital Radiology Consensus Statement for Patient Preparation, Standard Technique, and Biopsy-Related Pain Management

Lee MS, Moon MH, Kim CK, Park SY, Choi MH, Jung SI, Korean Society of Urogenital Radiology (KSUR)

The Korean Society of Urogenital Radiology (KSUR) aimed to present a consensus statement for patient preparation, standard technique, and pain management in relation to transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRUS-Bx) to...
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Updates on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome

Kang SG

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological sleep disorder characterized by an urge to move the legs or arms and is associated with discomfort and paresthesia in the legs. RLS...
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Opioids and Antidepressants for Pain Control in Musculoskeletal Disease

Park SJ, Kim WS, Jang T

The progression of aging and the increase in musculoskeletal diseases have led to an increase in invasive treatment methods, including various surgical methods, but conservative treatment should be attempted before...
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Effect of bupivacaine on postoperative pain and analgesics use after single-incision laparoscopic appendectomy: double-blind randomized study

Ha HK, Lee KG, Choi KK, Kim WS, Cho HR

PURPOSE: Local anesthetics can decrease postoperative pain after appendectomy. This study sought to verify the efficacy of bupivacaine on postoperative pain and analgesics use after single-incision laparoscopic appendectomy (SILA). METHODS: Between...
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Dexmedetomidine: present and future directions

Lee S

Dexmedetomidine is a potent, highly selective α-2 adrenoceptor agonist, with sedative, analgesic, anxiolytic, sympatholytic, and opioid-sparing properties. Dexmedetomidine induces a unique sedative response, which shows an easy transition from sleep...
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Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain

Yoon DU, Kang UG

Opioids are effective analgesics, but they are often difficult to use properly, due mainly to adverse events, such as constipation, respiratory depression, addiction, tolerance, and opioid induced hyperalgesia. In the...
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The antinociceptive effect of artemisinin on the inflammatory pain and role of GABAergic and opioidergic systems

Dehkordi F, Kaboutari , Zendehdel , Javdani M

BACKGROUND: Pain is a complex mechanism which involves different systems, including the opioidergic and GABAergic systems. Due to the side effects of chemical analgesic agents, attention toward natural agents have...
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Erector spinae plane block combined with a novel technique for selective brachial plexus block in breast cancer surgery: a case report

De Cassai , Bonvicini , Ruol M, Correale C, Furnari M

BACKGROUND: The breast is innervated by the intercostal nerves and the brachial plexus. We propose a technique to perform breast surgery without general anesthesia using the erector spinae plane (ESP)...
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Emerging Issues in Esophageal Motility Diseases

Kim GH, Jung KW

With the advances in technology and medical knowledge, new diseases are being identified and investigated. Esophageal motility disorders have been re-defined using high-resolution manometry and their pathogenesis are being better...
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Use of an Epidural Steroid Sponge for Postoperative Pain Control in Lumbar Discectomy

Kim TK, Yu HK, Oh SK, Kim YM, Shim DM

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of using an epidural steroid sponge for postoperative pain control in lumbar discectomy. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: There are...
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Two Cases of Opioid-Induced Hyperalgesia in Cancer Patients Treated with Opioids for Pain Management

Hong S, Kwon JH, Han SJ

Opioids are important drugs for the management of severe cancer pain without a ceiling effect. However, opioid administration leads to dose-limiting complications including drowsiness, hallucinations, delirium, respiratory depression, cognitive impairment,...
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Percutaneous Sacroplasty for Painful Sacral Metastases Involving Multiple Sacral Vertebral Bodies: Initial Experience with an Interpedicular Approach

Tian QH, Liu HF, Wang T, Cheng YS, Wu CG

OBJECTIVE: To report our initial experience of percutaneous sacroplasty (PSP) with an interpedicular approach for treating painful sacral metastases involving multiple sacral vertebral bodies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study prospectively enrolled...
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Opioid-induced constipation: a narrative review of therapeutic options in clinical management

Lang-Illievich K, Bornemann-Cimenti H

Pain therapy often entails gastrointestinal adverse events. While opioids are effective drugs for pain relief, the incidence of opioid-induced constipation (OIC) varies greatly from 15% to as high as 81%....
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Opioid Treatment and Excessive Alcohol Consumption Are Associated With Esophagogastric Junction Disorders

Schindler , Runggaldier D, Bianca A, Becker AS, Murray F, Savarino E, Pohl D

  • KMID: 2449092
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2019 Apr;25(2):205-211.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm18150
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The influence of external factors such as opioids and alcohol has been extensively investigated for various segments of the gastrointestinal tract. However, the association between their use and the...
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The Role of Opioids and Alcohol in the Development of Achalasia Type III and Esophagogastric Junction Outflow Obstruction

Kim GH, Jung KW

  • KMID: 2449088
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2019 Apr;25(2):177-178.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm19047
No abstract available.
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Thoracic interfascial plane block for multimodal analgesia after breast lumpectomy

Kim Y, Oh C, Youn S, Yun S, Park H, Lee W, Kim YH, Ko Y, Hong B

BACKGROUND: Thoracic interfascial plane block is useful as a component of multimodal analgesia in patients undergoing mastectomy. However, multimodal analgesia tends not to be provided during lumpectomy as it is...
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Association between perioperative cholesterol level and analgesia after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery

Oh TK, Kim K, Jheon S, Lee HJ, Do SH

BACKGROUND: Cholesterol plays an important role in the action of opioid analgesics, but its association with postoperative pain has not been clarified. Our study examined the association of pre- and...
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Risk Factor Analysis of Extended Opioid Use after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: A Clinical Data Warehouse-Based Study

Kang J, Kim JH, Lee KH, Lee WS, Chang HW, Kim JS, Park KH, Lim C

OBJECTIVES: A clinical data warehouse (CDW) is part of our hospital information system, and it provides user-friendly ‘data search and extraction’ interfaces for query composition. We carried out a risk...
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Effects on postoperative nausea and vomiting of nefopam versus fentanyl following bimaxillary orthognathic surgery: a prospective double-blind randomized controlled trial

Choi E, Karm MH, So E, Choi YJ, Park S, Oh Y, Yun HJ, Kim HJ, Seo KS

BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) frequently occurs following bimaxillary orthognathic surgeries. Compared to opioids, Nefopam is associated with lower incidences of PONV, and does not induce gastrointestinal tract injury,...
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Association of preoperative pain in knee and external to knee with postoperative pain outcome after total knee arthroplasty

Oh TK, Chang CB, Shin HJ, Han S, Do SH, Cho HH, Hwang JW

BACKGROUND: Preoperative pain in the symptomatic knee may predict postoperative pain severity in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the effect of preoperative pain external to the knee on...
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