J Korean Acad Nurs.  2009 Jun;39(3):357-365. 10.4040/jkan.2009.39.3.357.

The Effects of Aromatherapy on Stress and Stress Responses in Adolescents

  • 1Department of Nursing, Youngnam Foreign Language College, Gyeongsan, Korea. marseo@hanmail.net


PURPOSE: This study was done to examine the effects of aromatherapy on stress and stress responses in adolescents.
A two-group cross-over design was used for this study. The experimental treatment was aroma essential oil inhalation and the placebo treatment was carrier oil inhalation using a necklace. The sample included 36 female high school students. Fisher's exact test, t-test, and paired t-test using SPSS/WIN program were used to analyze the data.
Stress levels were significantly lower when the students received the aroma treatment compared to when they received the placebo treatment. The stress responses except salivary IgA levels were significantly lower when the students received the aroma treatment.
Aroma inhalation could be a very effective stress management method for high school students. Therefore, it is recommended that this program be used in clinical practice as an effective nursing intervention for high school students


Aromatherapy; Adolescents; Stress; Stress response

MeSH Terms

Blood Pressure
Immunoglobulin A/analysis
Plant Oils/*therapeutic use
Stress, Psychological/*therapy


  • Figure 1 Research design. O1, O2, O3, O4=stress, anxiety, physical symptoms, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), pulse rate (PR), Cortisol, IgA. X1=aroma (bergamot essential oil) inhalation (solid line). X2=placebo (carrier oil & artificial flavor) inhalation (dotted line). Group 1=aroma inhalation-1st & Placebo inhalation-2nd; Group 2=placebo inhalation-1st & Aroma inhalation-2nd.

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