Korean J Med Hist.  2001 Dec;10(2):135-152.

The Gurhigae Jejoongwon: its size and activities

  • 1Department of History, Yonsei University College of Art and Science, Korea.
  • 2Dong-Eun Medical Museum Yonsei University College of Medicine, Korea.


This article explores the location, size of the site, and medical activities of the Gurhigae Jejoongwon. Relevant documents such as reminiscences, diplomatic notes, newspaper accounts, maps, and photographs were referred for this study. The Gurhigae Jejoongwon located on a hill that, at present, covers the area from Ulchi-ro to MyungDong Cathedral. Its main entrance was towards Ulchi-ro. Real estate including the buildings of the Gurhigae Jejoongwon was returned to the Chosun government in 1905, and the estimated size of its site varied from 1,810 pyung to 5,036 pyung. The site of the Gurhigae Jejoongwon was 2 - 5 times larger than the 862.16-pyung-site of the Jejoongwon in its Jaedong days. With such larger size, the Jejoongwon could take care of more patients. Dr. Avison started medical education again. The Gurhigae Jejoongwon took the central part in medical treatment activities for public in Seoul, as it carried out the prevention activities against Cholera in 1895. The Chosun government highly recognized its medical treatment activities for the common people.


the Jejoongwon the Gurhigae Jejoongwon; Western medicine; Medical treatment for public; Medical education

MeSH Terms

English Abstract
History of Medicine, 19th Cent.
History of Medicine, 20th Cent.
Hospitals, Religious/*history
Missions and Missionaries/*history
Public Health Administration/*history
United States
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