J Korean Acad Nurs.  2008 Aug;38(4):493-502. 10.4040/jkan.2008.38.4.493.

Effects of Aroma Hand Massage on Pain, State Anxiety and Depression in Hospice Patients with Terminal Cancer

  • 1Department of Nursing, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea. so726@kmu.ac.kr


PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of aroma hand massage on pain, state anxiety and depression in hospice patients with terminal cancer. METHODS: This study was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The subjects were 58 hospice patients with terminal cancer who were hospitalized. Twenty eight hospice patients with terminal cancer were assigned to the experimental group (aroma hand massage), and 30 hospice patients with terminal cancer were assigned to the control group (general oil hand massage). As for the experimental treatment, the experimental group went through aroma hand massage on each hand for 5 min for 7 days with blended oil-a mixture of Bergamot, Lavender, and Frankincense in the ratio of 1:1:1, which was diluted 1.5% with sweet almond carrier oil 50 ml. The control group went through general oil hand massage by only sweet almond carrier oil-on each hand for 5 min for 7 days. RESULTS: The aroma hand massage experimental group showed more significant differences in the changes of pain score (t=-3.52, p=.001) and depression (t=-8.99, p=.000) than the control group. CONCLUSION: Aroma hand massage had a positive effect on pain and depression in hospice patients with terminal cancer.


Hospice; Pain; Anxiety; Depression

MeSH Terms

Boswellia/drug effects
Data Interpretation, Statistical
*Hospice Care
Middle Aged
Oils, Volatile/therapeutic use
Pain Measurement
Plant Oils/therapeutic use
Stress, Psychological


  • Figure 1 Reserch design.

Cited by  2 articles

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