J Korean Phys Ther.  2023 Dec;35(6):206-212. 10.18857/jkpt.2023.35.6.206.

Effects of Flossing Band Technique, Static and Dynamic Stretching on Hamstring on Knee Range of Motion, Muscle Activity, and Proprioception

  • 1Department of Physical Therapy, College of Medical Science, Catholic University of Daegu, Daegu, Republic of Korea
  • 2Department of Physical Therapy, Gangneung Yeongdong University, Gangneung, Republic of Korea


This study aimed to compare the lasting effects of the flossing band technique, dynamic and static stretching on hamstring on range of motion (ROM), muscle activity, and proprioception to identify the most effective pre-exercise method for preventing injuries.
Thirty participants were randomly assigned to the flossing band (FB), dynamic stretching (DS), and static stretching (SS) groups, with 10 subjects in each. Measurements included muscle activity of the biceps femoris vis surface electromyography, knee ROM and proprioception during active knee extension and flexion using a smart joint goniometer. Assessments were conducted before, immediately after, 15, and 30 minutes after each intervention.
Proprioception showed no significant differences among groups at any time point. Significant differences in knee ROM were observed in the FB group (except between 15 and 30 minutes after), DS group (except between immediately after and 15 minutes after, and between 15 and 30 minutes after), and SS group (except between before and 15 minutes after, and between before and 30 minutes after). Muscle activity in the FB (except between before and 30 minutes after, and between 15 and 30 minutes after) and SS (between before and immediately after, between immediately after and 30 minutes after, and between 15 and 30 minutes after) groups showed significant differences, while the DS group exhibited no significant changes.
Although direct comparisons did not establish superiority, within-group analyses indicated that the flossing band technique exhibited longer-lasting effects than dynamic and static stretching, providing valuable insights for injury prevention program design.


Dynamic stretching; Static stretching; Hamstring; Proprioception
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