J Agric Med Community Health.  2022 Dec;47(4):211-219. 10.5393/JAMCH.2022.47.4.211.

Awareness of the Prevention of Work-Related Diseases among Farmers - Based on Qualitative Research Methods

  • 1Department of Preventive Medicine, Institute of Health Sciences, College of Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea
  • 2Center for Farmer’s Safety and Health, Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Jinju, Korea
  • 3Department of Nursing Science, Jinju Health College, Jinju, Korea


This study was conducted to investigate the awareness of work-related disease prevention of farmers. Method: As a research method, a qualitative focus group interview was conducted in 18 participants.
Prevention and management services for work-related diseases of farmers mostly are based on research from other fields and so are not highly effective because their content is not relevant to agricultural work. It has been suggested that such program designers be required to have some appropriate related knowledge, and that incentives and a certification system for participation in such education be established. To analyze work-related diseases of farmers, fields of prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation should be created. They demanded the designation of hospitals and the actualization of compensation for farmers' safety insurance. The work-related diseases to address were include musculoskeletal diseases, pesticide poisoning-related diseases (cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease), psychiatric diseases such as depression, and allergic diseases. However, this must have been the result of the harmful factors they felt during agricultural work. And for farmer patients diagnosed with work-related diseases, it was said to strengthen farmer safety insurance.
In order to increase the safely and health effects of agricultural work, it is necessary to prevent and manage work-related diseases of farmers. Projects should be developed in consideration of cultural and economic barriers of farmers and the characteristics of the work.


Farmers; work-related disease; awareness; qualitative research
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