Diabetes Metab J.  2022 Sep;46(5):803-807. 10.4093/dmj.2021.0236.

Rising Incidence of Diabetes in Young Adults in South Korea: A National Cohort Study

Affiliations
  • 1Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea
  • 2Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea

Abstract

We investigated the incidence of diagnosed diabetes in South Korean adults (aged ≥20 years) by analyzing data for the National Health Insurance Service–National Sample Cohort. From 2006 to 2015, the overall incidence rate of diagnosed diabetes decreased by approximately 0.1% per year until 2015. Although, this trend was observed in individuals aged 40 years or over, the rate increased slightly in the 20–29 and 30–39 years age groups, from 0.5 to 0.7 and 2.0 to 2.6 per 1,000 individuals, respectively. The proportion of obese young adults with diabetes increased remarkably, from 51.4% in 2006 to 72.4% in 2015. Thus, young adults need early identification and weight-control strategies to prevent diabetes.

Keyword

Diabetes mellitus; Epidemiology; Incidence

Figure

  • Fig. 1. Incidence rate of diagnosed diabetes by age group.

  • Fig. 2. Change in the characteristics of young-onset diabetes. (A) Sex, (B) household income, (C) type of diabetes, and (D) body mass index.


Cited by  1 articles

Diabetes Fact Sheet in Korea 2021
Jae Hyun Bae, Kyung-Do Han, Seung-Hyun Ko, Ye Seul Yang, Jong Han Choi, Kyung Mook Choi, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Kyu Chang Won
Diabetes Metab J. 2022;46(3):417-426.    doi: 10.4093/dmj.2022.0106.


Reference

1. Cho NH, Shaw JE, Karuranga S, Huang Y, da Rocha Fernandes JD, Ohlrogge AW, et al. IDF Diabetes Atlas: global estimates of diabetes prevalence for 2017 and projections for 2045. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2018; 138:271–81.
Article
2. Ogurtsova K, da Rocha Fernandes JD, Huang Y, Linnenkamp U, Guariguata L, Cho NH, et al. IDF Diabetes Atlas: global estimates for the prevalence of diabetes for 2015 and 2040. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2017; 128:40–50.
Article
3. Ha KH, Kim DJ. Trends in the diabetes epidemic in Korea. Endocrinol Metab (Seoul). 2015; 30:142–6.
Article
4. Lee J, Lee JS, Park SH, Shin SA, Kim K. Cohort profile: the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort (NHIS-NSC), South Korea. Int J Epidemiol. 2017; 46:e15.
Article
5. Seo MH, Lee WY, Kim SS, Kang JH, Kang JH, Kim KK, et al. 2018 Korean Society for the Study of Obesity guideline for the management of obesity in Korea. J Obes Metab Syndr. 2019; 28:40–5.
Article
6. Song SO, Lee YH, Kim DW, Song YD, Nam JY, Park KH, et al. Trends in diabetes incidence in the last decade based on Korean National Health Insurance Claims Data. Endocrinol Metab (Seoul). 2016; 31:292–9.
Article
7. Magliano DJ, Chen L, Islam RM, Carstensen B, Gregg EW, Pavkov ME, et al. Trends in the incidence of diagnosed diabetes: a multicountry analysis of aggregate data from 22 million diagnoses in high-income and middle-income settings. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2021; 9:203–11.
Article
8. Lin X, Xu Y, Pan X, Xu J, Ding Y, Sun X, et al. Global, regional, and national burden and trend of diabetes in 195 countries and territories: an analysis from 1990 to 2025. Sci Rep. 2020; 10:14790.
Article
9. Nam GE, Kim YH, Han K, Jung JH, Rhee EJ, Lee WY, et al. Obesity fact sheet in Korea, 2020: prevalence of obesity by obesity class from 2009 to 2018. J Obes Metab Syndr. 2021; 30:141–8.
Article
10. Geiss LS, Wang J, Cheng YJ, Thompson TJ, Barker L, Li Y, et al. Prevalence and incidence trends for diagnosed diabetes among adults aged 20 to 79 years, United States, 1980-2012. JAMA. 2014; 312:1218–26.
Article
11. Quan J, Li TK, Pang H, Choi CH, Siu SC, Tang SY, et al. Diabetes incidence and prevalence in Hong Kong, China during 2006-2014. Diabet Med. 2017; 34:902–8.
Article
12. Ha KH, Park CY, Jeong IK, Kim HJ, Kim SY, Kim WJ, et al. Clinical characteristics of people with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes between 2015 and 2016: difference by age and body mass index. Diabetes Metab J. 2018; 42:137–46.
Article
13. Ha KH, Kim DJ, Kim S. Response: Clinical characteristics of people with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes between 2015 and 2016: difference by age and body mass index (Diabetes Metab J 2018;42:137-46). Diabetes Metab J. 2018; 42:251–3.
Article
14. Hillier TA, Pedula KL. Characteristics of an adult population with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes: the relation of obesity and age of onset. Diabetes Care. 2001; 24:1522–7.
15. Park JH, Ha KH, Kim BY, Lee JH, Kim DJ. Trends in cardiovascular complications and mortality among patients with diabetes in South Korea. Diabetes Metab J. 2021; 45:283.
Article
16. Tuomilehto J, Lindstrom J, Eriksson JG, Valle TT, Hamalainen H, Ilanne-Parikka P, et al. Prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus by changes in lifestyle among subjects with impaired glucose tolerance. N Engl J Med. 2001; 344:1343–50.
Article
17. Colchero MA, Rivera-Dommarco J, Popkin BM, Ng SW. In Mexico, evidence of sustained consumer response two years after implementing a sugar-sweetened beverage tax. Health Aff (Millwood). 2017; 36:564–71.
Article
18. Jung CH, Son JW, Kang S, Kim WJ, Kim HS, Kim HS, et al. Diabetes fact sheets in Korea, 2020: an appraisal of current status. Diabetes Metab J. 2021; 45:1–10.
Article
Full Text Links
  • DMJ
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr