J Korean Ophthalmol Soc.  2021 Nov;62(11):1518-1526. 10.3341/jkos.2021.62.11.1518.

Symmetry of Peripapillary-Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Parameters between Dominant and Non-dominant Eyes in Normal Eyes

  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Chungnam National University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea


To assess whether optical coherence tomography (OCT) measurements and peripapillary microvascular parameters measured via optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) were similar between the dominant and non-dominant eyes of normal subjects.
We retrospectively analyzed spectral domain OCT and OCTA data on healthy Koreans. The “hole-in-the-card” technique was used to determine ocular dominance. The perfusion density (PD) and flux index (FI) of the peripapillary 4.5 × 4.5-mm area were measured via OCTA. Central macular, peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer, and macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer thicknesses were measured with the aid of spectral-domain OCT. The OCT and OCTA data of dominant and non-dominant eyes were compared.
A total of 84 eyes of 42 healthy subjects were analyzed. The average age was 27.3 ± 5.63 years. Twenty-eight subjects (66.7%) were right eye-dominant and 14 (33.3%) left eye-dominant. None of the central macular (260.00 ± 14.16 μm, 258.71 ± 15.18 μm, p = 0.183), macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (82.02 ± 5.07 μm, 82.43 ± 5.60 μm, p = 0.460), or peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (99.36 ± 9.27 μm, 97.90 ± 9.46 μm, p = 0.091) differed between the eyes; neither did any OCTA-assessed microvascular parameter.
No OCT or OCTA parameter differed between dominant and non-dominant eyes. No parameter identified ocular dominance.


Ocular dominance, Optical coherence tomography angiography, Peripapillary perfusion density
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