Korean J Med Educ.  2021 Sep;33(3):215-226. 10.3946/kjme.2021.201.

Beginning of outcome-based medical education: development of medical schools’ mission statements based on stakeholders’ priority

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Medical Education, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Iksan, Korea
  • 2Deparment of Medical Education, Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea

Abstract

Background
Many studies report the positive effects of outcome-based education in improving medical education quality. An important aspect of outcome-based education is the statement of learning outcomes, which is closely associated with medical schools’ mission, vision, and educational goals. Medical schools’ mission statement not only sets the standards to determine educational goals and outcomes but also provides an indicator to monitor and evaluate medical education quality. Purpose: This study identified a methodology to provide optimal mission statements at medical schools through the framework of suggested decision-making method.
Methods
This study analyzed the focus of the mission development suggested by World Federation for Medical Education and Liaison Committee on Medical Education medical education standards and searched for appropriate decision-making methods based on these standards. In addition to validate the suggested framework of mission statement, case analysis of medical schools was conducted.
Results
Consequently, a mission development method that applies the mission statement based on stakeholders’ priority (MSSP) was derived. The MSSP involves (1) content analysis, (2) candidate extraction, (3) priority evaluation, and (4) priority validation. The keywords of the mission system derived during this process were categorized and listed in ranks to be suggested as the mission, vision, and core values. The proposed MSSP was applied in two South Korean medical schools and, thereby, the mission, vision, and core values were determined for each medical school.
Conclusion
The two schools’ case analysis verified MSSP’s effectiveness as a decision-making methodology to gather and converge diverse opinions from stakeholders for the mission statement at the medical schools.

Keyword

Mission statement; Outcome-based medical education; Mission statement based on stakeholder priority; Medical schools
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