Lab Anim Res.  2021 Mar;37(1):53-59. 10.1186/s42826-020-00080-y.

Lipopolysaccharides of Fusobacterium nucleatum and Porphyromonas gingivalis increase RANKL-expressing neutrophils in air pouches of mice

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Oral Biology, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • 2Department of Applied Life Science, The Graduate School, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • 3BK21 PLUS Project, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • 4Korean Collection for Oral Microbiology and Department of Oral Biochemistry, School of Dentistry, Chosun University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea

Abstract

Increases of neutrophils and osteoclasts are pathological changes of periodontitis. RANKL is an osteoclast differentiation factor. The effect of periodontopathogen LPS on RANKL-expressing neutrophils has not been clarified yet. We evaluated numerical changes of RANKL-expressing neutrophils in air pouches of mice injected with LPSs of Fusobacterium nucleatum and Porphyromonas gingivalis. Mice with air pouches were assigned into saline (C)-, E. coli LPS- (Ec LPS)-, F. nucleatum LPS (Fn LPS)-, P. gingivalis LPS (Pg LPS)-, and Fn LPS and Pg LPS (Fn + Pg LPS)-injected groups. CD11b +Ly6G + neutrophils and CD11b +Ly6G+RANKL + neutrophils in blood and air pouch exudates were determined by flow cytometry. In blood, compared to the C group, the Fn LPS group showed increases of CD11b +Ly6G + neutrophils and CD11b +Ly6G +RANKL + neutrophils whereas the Pg LPS group showed no significant differences. These increases in the Fn LPS group were not different to those in the Ec LPS group. In exudates, Fn LPS and Pg LPS groups showed increases of CD11b +Ly6G + neutrophils and CD11b +Ly6G +RANKL + neutrophils compared to the C group. Increased levels in the Fn LPS group were not different to those in the Ec LPS group, but Pg LPS group was lower than those in the Ec LPS group. In blood and exudates, the Fn+ Pg LPS group showed no difference in levels of these neutrophils compared to the Ec LPS group. LPSs of F. nucleatum and P. gingivalis increased RANKL-expressing neutrophils although the degrees of increases were different. These suggest that periodontopathogen LPS can act as a stimulant to increase RANKL-expressing neutrophils.

Keyword

Periodontitis; Neutrophils; RANKL; Periodontopathogen
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