Korean J Gastroenterol.  2021 Feb;77(2):77-83. 10.4166/kjg.2021.025.

Endoscopic Management of Dysphagia

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Dysphagia is difficulty in swallowing that can be caused by a number of disorders that involve either the oropharynx or the esophagus. Specific endoscopic treatment for dysphagia depends on its etiology, whether the dysphagia is caused by mechanical narrowing or a motor disorder. Variable endoscopic treatment strategies can be used to manage dysphagia. Patient with dysfunction of the upper esophageal sphincter may benefit from esophageal dilationor injection of botulinum toxin. Pneumatic balloon dilation, injection of botulinum toxin, peroral endoscopic myotomy can be considered as treatment options for esophageal motility disorders. Endoscopic dilation is the treatment choice of esophageal stricture, while intraluminal steroid injection and temporary stent can be considered in refractory benign esophageal stricture. Self-expandable metal stent insertion can be considered for dysphagia with malignant cause.

Keyword

Deglutition disorders; Endoscopy
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