Acute Crit Care.  2021 Feb;36(1):15-21. 10.4266/acc.2020.00745.

Influence of sarcopenia focused on critically ill patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Ankara City Hospital, Health Sciences University, Ankara, Turkey

Abstract

A systemic review was performed to evaluate the epidemiological, pathophysiological, and clinical features of sarcopenia, the relationship of sarcopenia with critical illness and its impact on mortality, and diagnostic methods and treatment modalities. Generally, in the presence of critical illness, sarcopenia is not included in the treatment approach strategies. An intensivist should be aware that sarcopenia may be present in critically ill patients. Although the main modalities against sarcopenia are early mobilization and nutritional support, they can only prevent its development and may have positive effects on prognosis rather than treating the existing sarcopenia.

Keyword

critical illness; intensive care unit; mortality; sarcopenia

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