Asian Nurs Res.  2021 Feb;15(1):23-29. 10.1016/j.anr.2020.10.005.

Development and Validation of a Management of Workplace Violence Competence Scale for Nursing Practicum Students

Affiliations
  • 1School of Nursing, Huzhou University, Zhejiang, China
  • 2Huzhou Central Hospital, Zhejiang, China
  • 3School of Nursing & Midwifery, University of Newcastle, NSW, Australia
  • 4Department of Nursing, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, China

Abstract

Purpose
The aim of this study was to develop a scale to measure nursing students' competence in managing violence from patients and relatives in the hospital where nursing students perform clinical practicum.
Methods
Literature review and Delphi expert consultation were utilized to develop the content of the management of workplace violence competence scale (MWVCS). A convenience sample of 797 nursing students responded to the questionnaire. Exploratory factor analysis of the scale was performed. Internal consistency and test–retest reliability were examined.
Results
The MWVCS consisted of 40 items with a five-point scale. Seven factors explained 63.2% of the total explained variance. The content validity index for the scale was .99. Cronbach's α of the scale was .96, and test–retest correlations were found to be ≥ .76.
Conclusion
The MWVCS is a reliable and valid scale for nursing educators to assess the level of students' competence in violence management and to evaluate the effectiveness of education to enhance their ability to manage workplace violence.

Keyword

nursing; psychometrics; students; workplace violence
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